ESPA - Optimal Skin Pro-Moisturiser

ESPA Optimal Skin Pro-Moisturiser

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WORKS FOR
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Moisturizing
  • Anti-aging
  • Evens skin tone
  • +1 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • anhydroxylitol
  • lactic acid
  • ascorbic acid
  • gluconolactone
  • retinyl palmitate
  • sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • alaria esculenta extract
  • alpha-glucan oligosaccharide
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • cetyl alcohol
  • coco-caprylate/caprate
  • coconut alkanes
  • ethylhexyl palmitate
  • glucose
  • glycerin
  • glyceryl linolenate
  • helianthus annuus seed oil
  • helianthus annuus seed oil unsaponifiables
  • inulin
  • jojoba esters
  • plukenetia volubilis seed oil
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • xylitylglucoside
  • +20 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
41 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Where to buy?

Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"A luxurious cocktail of nutrients assists with encouraging the look of a more balanced skin-tone, while South African Resurrection Plant promotes the illusion of a lit-from-within, youthful glow."
WIMJ summary

This product does not contain ingredients that are able to reduce fine lines and wrinkles or help with skin elasticity, but it can improve the look of the skin temporarily through moisturization. Well-moisturized skin might also be able to repair the sun damage better.This ingredient - sodium ascorbyl phosphate - could be helpful for preventing or repairing signs of aging in theory, but there is no evidence that it actually works.

This ingredient sodium ascorbyl phosphate might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin and help it fight off some of the sun damage.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"A luxurious cocktail of nutrients assists with encouraging the look of a more balanced skin-tone, while South African Resurrection Plant promotes the illusion of a lit-from-within, youthful glow."
WIMJ summary

Effective ingredients missing or their concentration is too low

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
does not meet threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Optimal Skin Pro-Moisturiser"
From product name
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: anhydroxylitol, glycerin.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: helianthus annuus seed oil, plukenetia volubilis seed oil.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (sodium ascorbyl phosphate) that might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin to lessen the damage it gets from the UV light (sun). There is not enough evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin though.

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
An emollient that helps soften the skin
6.1% - 7.4%
Helps oil and water mix together while softening the upper layer of the skin
4% - 4.8%
A great emollient due to its high linoleic acid content. One of the most effective plant oils in helping skin hydration and repairing skin barrier function
3.2% - 3.9%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Is claimed to support the growth of "good" bacteria in skin (as a "prebiotic"), but the research is lacking
2.3% - 2.8%
Helps water and oil mix together
1.9% - 2.3%
1.6% - 2%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and repair the skin barrier function
1.4% - 1.7%
A non-drying alcohol that works to soften the skin and stabilize product formulations helping oil and water mix together
1.2% - 1.5%
Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin without creating a greasy texture
0.95% - 1.15%
A plant oil that works as a good moisturizer by softening the upper layer of the skin. Might be helpful in reducing inflammation in skin and reducing blemishes due to the large content of linoleic acid
0.7% - 1%
Acts as a solvent for other ingredients. Speeds up the absorption of other ingredients into the skin
0.55% - 0.8%
An emollient that helps soften the skin and create a nice product texture
0.5% - 0.75%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.5% - 0.75%
An emollient that softens the skin and forms a protective layer on its surface. Helps water and oil mix together
0.45% - 0.65%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and repair the skin barrir function
0.35% - 0.65%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.35% - 0.65%
An emollient that helps soften the skin
0.35% - 0.65%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.3% - 0.55%
An emollient made of jojoba oil. Helps soften the skin and support its barrier function
0.3% - 0.55%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.35% - 0.65%
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin and improve the product texture
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.25% - 0.45%
A great emollient due to its high linoleic acid content. One of the most effective plant oils in helping skin hydration and repairing skin barrier function
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and repair the skin barrier function
0.25% - 0.45%
A common frangrance that can easily irritate skin, especially if exposed to air, light or heat
0.25% - 0.4%
An essentil oil from orange peel. Potential allergen and can be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to create gel-like formulas and stabilize emulsions
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps water and oil mix together. Could be an allergen (beeswax)
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
A plant oil with a high content of volatile compounds that can irritate the skin and lead to allergic reactions. Can lead to photosensitivity
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
0.25% - 0.4%
A plant oil with high content of volatile compounds that, especially when exposed to air, can cause allergic reactions and irritate the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Works as a humectant helping to attract water to the upper layer of the skin and might be effective as an anti-oxidant.
0.25% - 0.5%
Can be helpful in reducing inflammation in skin. Is a likely irritant
0.25% - 0.45%
A plant extract that might help neutralize free radicals in skin. Can contain volalite oils and be irritating
0.25% - 0.4%
A plant extract that might help neutralize free radicals in skin. Can contain volalite oils and be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
0.25% - 0.45%
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.3% - 0.55%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and improves the product texture
0.25% - 0.5%
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.5%
Used to preserve products, dissolve other ingredients and create a nice product texture
0.3% - 0.55%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.25% - 0.45%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
The most well-researched antioxidant that works in skin. Helps neutralize free radicals supporting collagen production, helping to even out the skin tone and preventing early signs of aging
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and helps to improve appearance of the product
0.3% - 0.55%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.25% - 0.5%
A polyhydroxy acid (PHA) that helps shed the dead cells from the skin surface revealing smoother skin. Is believed to be genter than AHAs. It helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can stimulate production of skin's own hyaluronic acid resulting in improved hydration levels. It has been shown to be helpful against acne and clogged pores if used consistently (e.g over a period of 12 weeks) in high enough concentration. It can help reduce fine lines and wrinkles and improve skin tone with long-term application. Can help neutralize free radicals
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Fragrance. Can be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.5%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.3% - 0.55%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Could be helpful in restoring the skin barrier function
0.25% - 0.45%
A more stable but less bio-available form of vitamin E compared to Tocopherol. Might help moisturize and protect the skin from free radicals, but mostly used in low concentrations to stabilize other ingredients.
0.25% - 0.5%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.4%
Fragrance with sweet balsamic smell. Help to preserve products and dissolve other ingredients. Could trigger allergic reactions and be irritating
0.2% - 0.4%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.5%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.2% - 0.35%
Three steps removed from the active form of vitamin A - retinoic acid. To have an effect in the skin, it first needs to be converted twice to become the retinoic acid. This means it is less potent than retinol, but could also be less irritating. Once converted to the retinoic acid in the skin, it helps against all signs of aging, improves skin cell turnover and helps fight blemishes and clogged pores. However, in many cosmetic formulations, it is used in a concentration that is too low to have the full effect
0.15% - 0.3%
A stable derivative of vitamin C. It is oil-soluble which means it is more likely to penetrate the skin compared to the pure form of vitamin C (which is water-soluble), but it is less bio-available and is way less effective in stimulating collagen and reducing wrinkles compared to the pure form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) and its other derivatives (for example, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). At the same time, this vitamin C derivative has been shown in studies to be effective in reducing acne, blemishes and clogged pores. It is less irritating then the pure form of vitamin C
0.15% - 0.3%
An emollient that can also help water and oil mix together, as well as prevent bacteria growth in products
0.2% - 0.4%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin. At the same time, it can weaken the skin's barrier enhancing penetration of other ingredients and increasing the risk of skin dryness
0.2% - 0.35%
An umbrella term for the following three colorants: CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499
0.1% - 0.2%
A red colorant made of iron oxide. Typically is not irritating
0.1% - 0.2%

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