Is claimed by the manufacturer to be able to plump lips and have an anti-aging effect. The way it would work, however, is not clear that the evidence of effectiveness is lacking. It can be irritating
A more stable but less bio-available form of vitamin E compared to Tocopherol. Might help moisturize and protect the skin from free radicals, but mostly used in low concentrations to stabilize other ingredients.
Naturally present in skin and helps to attract water to its upper layer
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products