Paula's Choice - Clinical Ceramide-Enriched Firming Eye Cream

Paula's Choice Clinical Ceramide-Enriched Firming Eye Cream

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WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Exfoliation
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • ascorbyl glucoside
  • sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate
  • acetyl tetrapeptide-5
  • retinol
  • caprooyl phytosphingosine
  • caprooyl sphingosine
  • ceramide ap
  • ceramide eop
  • ceramide eos
  • ceramide np
  • ceramide ns
  • palmitoyl tripeptide-5
  • panthenol
  • allantoin
  • bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2
  • bisabolol
  • carnosine
  • cetyl alcohol
  • cholesterol
  • dimethicone
  • dunaliella salina extract
  • glycerin
  • pongamia glabra seed oil
  • pullulan
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • sodium pca
  • sodium polyacrylate
  • squalane
  • vitis vinifera seed extract
  • +27 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
MEDIUM
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Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"After use, skin appears smoother, firmer and more youthful."
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains retinol.

These ingredients in the product can also be helpful, even though there is less evidence for their effectiveness: acetyl tetrapeptide-5, ascorbyl glucoside, carnosine, palmitoyl tripeptide-5, vitis vinifera seed extract.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: retinol.

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: ascorbyl glucoside, glycyrrhiza glabra root extract.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help exfoliate the skin. In other words, it helps break down the bonds between dead cells on the surface of the skin and speed up the skin turnover. Skin often appears softer and brighter after exfoliation, but overdoing it can result in disrupted skin barrier. The following ingredient is doing the exfoliating job in this product: retinol.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Clinical Ceramide-Enriched Firming Eye Cream"
From product name
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: allantoin, carnosine.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2, dimethicone.

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: acetyl tetrapeptide-5, caprooyl phytosphingosine, caprooyl sphingosine, ceramide ap, ceramide eop, ceramide eos, ceramide np, ceramide ns, palmitoyl tripeptide-5, panthenol

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (carnosine, retinol, vitis vinifera seed extract) that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. By doing so, they can lessen the damage the skin gets from the UV light (sun).

The following ingredients - ascorbyl glucoside, sodium ascorbyl phosphate also can have an antioxidant effect, but there is less evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
MEDIUM

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin and create a nice product consistency
4.4% - 5.4%
A non-drying alcohol that works to soften the skin and stabilize product formulations helping oil and water mix together
3.5% - 4.3%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
3% - 3.6%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
2.4% - 2.9%
An emollient that softens the skin and forms a protective layer on its surface. Helps water and oil mix together
2% - 2.4%
Helps oil and water mix togehter and creates a nice product texture
1.7% - 2.1%
Increases thickness of a product. Texture enhancer for oil-in-water emulsions
1.4% - 1.8%
A vitamin C derivative that is more stable but less potent than pure form of vitamin C. Has a potential to boost collagen production, nutralise free radicals and reduce hyperpigmentation, but the required concentration is likely to be much higher than for the pure form of vitamin C, limiting the ingredient's effectiveness in products
1.3% - 1.5%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.95% - 1.2%
A stable derivative of vitamin C. It is oil-soluble which means it is more likely to penetrate the skin compared to the pure form of vitamin C (which is water-soluble), but it is less bio-available and is way less effective in stimulating collagen and reducing wrinkles compared to the pure form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) and its other derivatives (for example, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). At the same time, this vitamin C derivative has been shown in studies to be effective in reducing acne, blemishes and clogged pores. It is less irritating then the pure form of vitamin C
0.7% - 1.05%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin and reduce water loss from its surface
0.65% - 0.95%
0.55% - 0.85%
Being a lipid soluble form of vitamin C. It is more stable than ascorbic acid, but still degrades quickly and needs to be stabilized in a formulation with another ingredient. It is claimed to penetrate skin better than pure vitamin C and have the the similar benefits, but solid studies of its effectiveness are lacking. Is likely to require a higher concentration in a product than pure vitamin C to be effective.
0.5% - 0.8%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.5% - 0.75%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.5% - 0.75%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.45% - 0.65%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.4% - 0.6%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.45% - 0.65%
A type of peptide. Peptides are excellent moisturizers and might be able support collagen production reducing fine lines and wrinkles
0.3% - 0.6%
A type of peptide. Peptides are excellent moisturizers and might be able support collagen production reducing fine lines and wrinkles
0.3% - 0.6%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
A component of ceramides. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.3% - 0.6%
A component of ceramides. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.3% - 0.5%
An emollient that is naturally found in skin
0.35% - 0.65%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.35% - 0.65%
Two steps removed from the active form of vitamin A - retinoic acid. Once converted to the retinoic acid in the skin, retinol is proven to be effective against all signs of aging. It improves skin cell turnover, helps fight blemishes and clogged pores, can regulate excess oil production and even skin tone. It can, however, be quite irritating
0.25% - 0.5%
A plant extract that contains resveratrol and other anti-oxidant compounds that can help neutralize free radicals, reduce inflammation in skin and even out its tone. Can be also used to stabilize the product formulation
0.3% - 0.55%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.25% - 0.5%
A fruit extract that is used to add a fragrance to the product. It might have some antioxidant properties
0.25% - 0.5%
A green micro-algae extract that might help neutralize free radicals in skin, but solid evidence is lacking. It helps to soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.5%
A plant oil that helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
A more stable but less bio-available form of vitamin E compared to Tocopherol. Might help moisturize and protect the skin from free radicals, but mostly used in low concentrations to stabilize other ingredients.
0.3% - 0.55%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.25% - 0.5%
An active component of chamomile plant that historically has been used to calm down irritated skin. A recent study shows that bisabolol indeed can have some anti-inflammatory effect on skin, even though conclusive data is lacking. Bisabolol has a sweet floral scent and can be added to products for its aromatic properties
0.25% - 0.5%
A type of peptide. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin. It can help neutralize free radicals in skin combatting the sun damage
0.3% - 0.5%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can help improve skin barrier function
0.3% - 0.55%
Naturally present in skin and helps to attract water to its upper layer
0.3% - 0.55%
Creates a thin drying film on the skin resulting in a short-term tightening effect
0.3% - 0.55%
0.3% - 0.5%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.45% - 0.65%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
0.35% - 0.6%
Helps to control the skin's pH level. Maintains the skin's natural film of amino-lactic acids and oils. Helps to preserve products
0.25% - 0.5%
Used to create a gel-like product texture, as well as to stabilize emulsions
0.3% - 0.55%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.3% - 0.55%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.35% - 0.6%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps preserve product formulations and can mask the smell of other ingredients in a product
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.2% - 0.35%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.15% - 0.25%
Creates an illusion of smoother and more radiant skin tone. Adds shimmer to the skin by reflecting light
0.2% - 0.35%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.3%
A preservative
0.1% - 0.25%
A preservative
0.1% - 0.25%

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