Murad - Essential-C Toner

Murad Essential-C Toner

PROMISES
FULFILLED
66 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
Works for
  • Anti-aging
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Moisturizing
  • Anti-blemish
+ 1 more
Key ingredients
  • retinyl palmitate
  • ascorbic acid
  • alanine
  • arginine
  • benzophenone-4
  • betaine
+ 17 more
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Where to buy?

In stock $36.00
BUY
Price as of 7/30/2021 11:24 GMT. More info
In stock $36.00
BUY
Price as of 7/31/2021 0:41 GMT. More info
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Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Witch hazel tightens pores without drying skin A complex of amino acids provide the building blocks for healthy skin Sodium PCA, a moisturizer naturally occurring in the skin, helps prevent over drying"
WIMJ summary

This product might be able to help reduce blemishes and clogged pores because it contains chitosan, zinc aspartate.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains lysine, serine, threonine. These ingredients might be able to help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness, but there is not enough evidence that it actually works.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Coneflower and Licorice Root Extracts tone and brighten skin"
WIMJ summary

This product contains ingredients (alanine) that could help reduce hyperpigmentation (for example, post-acne marks or age spots) in theory, but there is not enough evidence that they actually work.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
MEDIUM
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Witch hazel tightens pores without drying skin A complex of amino acids provide the building blocks for healthy skin Sodium PCA, a moisturizer naturally occurring in the skin, helps prevent over drying"
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: alanine, arginine.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: arginine, caprylyl glycol.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (chitosan) that might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin to lessen the damage it gets from the UV light (sun). There is not enough evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin though.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH

Ingredients by volume

Plain old water
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
A plant extract that can help calm down inflammation in skin. Can, however, itself be irritating

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Questions

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