Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Exfoliation
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-blemish
  • +3 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • niacinamide
  • niacinamide
  • glycolic acid
  • lactic acid
  • glycolic acid
  • gluconolactone
  • panthenol
  • allantoin
  • beta-glucan
  • c12-15 alkyl benzoate
  • camellia oleifera leaf extract
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • cetyl alcohol
  • cyclopentasiloxane
  • dimethicone
  • dimethiconol
  • dipotassium glycyrrhizate
  • ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate
  • glycerin
  • prunus amygdalus dulcis oil
  • titanium dioxide
  • triticum vulgare germ extract
  • yeast extract
  • zinc oxide
  • +21 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
87 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Where to buy?

Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Acne Defense System"
From product name
WIMJ summary

This product might be able to help reduce blemishes and clogged pores because it contains niacinamide.

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually works: glycolic acid

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains glycolic acid, niacinamide.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: glycolic acid, niacinamide

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: glycyrrhiza glabra root extract, yeast extract.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Glycolic Acid and Lactic Acid fight bacteria growth, reduce sebum production, exfoliate dead skin cells, and facilitate cell regenerationBotanical nutrients such as Green Tea, Almond Oil, Aloe Vera and Cucumber Extract soothe skin, prevent irritation, and reduce post-acne discolorationPrescription-strength, physician-recommended daily regimen penetrates the pores and begins reducing acne below the skin’s surface, providing a clearer complexion in as early as 2 weeks"
WIMJ summary

This product can help exfoliate the skin. In other words, it helps break down the bonds between dead cells on the surface of the skin and speed up the skin turnover. Skin often appears softer and brighter after exfoliation, but overdoing it can result in disrupted skin barrier. The following ingredient is doing the exfoliating job in this product: glycolic acid.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: allantoin, glycerin.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: dimethicone, dimethiconol.

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: niacinamide, panthenol

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (camellia oleifera leaf extract) that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. By doing so, they can lessen the damage the skin gets from the UV light (sun).

The following ingredients - yeast extract also can have an antioxidant effect, but there is less evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold

Potential irritants

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
A broad spectrum sunblock (protects from both UVA and UVB rays). Is suitable for most sensitive skins. In small concentrations, can be used as a colorant
12%
Declared
Octinoxate. When used in higher concentrations, works as a sunscreen protecting the skin from UVB rays. When used in lower concentration, helps to preserve the product formulation. Is shown to be harmful to coral reefs - consider avoiding bathing in coral reef areas when wearing a product with this ingredient. It can be irritating
7.5%
Declared
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
26% - 32%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can help improve skin barrier function
5.7% - 7%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and might have some anti-oxidant and skin lightening properties. It can help calm down inflammation in skin
4.7% - 5.7%
Can absorb oil. There is no research confirming other benefits for the skin
3.4% - 4.2%
2.1% - 2.5%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Plant extract that might have moisturizing properties. Avoid if you suffer from wheat or gluten intolerance
2.1% - 2.6%
A plant extract. Benefits of topical application are not confirmed
1.8% - 2.2%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
1.3% - 1.6%
A plant extract that might have some anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties but evidence for effectiveness in skin is missing
1.2% - 1.4%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Plant extract. Has some anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties. Can be irritating
0.9% - 1.1%
Used as a fragrance. It can be irritating and cause photosensitivity
0.65% - 1%
An emollient that softens the skin
0.6% - 0.85%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.45% - 0.65%
0.45% - 0.7%
An essential oil that is likely to be irritating and can cause photosensitivity
0.35% - 0.6%
A plant oil with a high content of volatile compounds that can irritate the skin and lead to allergic reactions. Can lead to photosensitivity
0.3% - 0.6%
Used as a fragrance and can be irritating
0.3% - 0.55%
Plain old water
0.3% - 0.55%
Helps oil and water mix together and used as a cleansing agent. Can be irritating and is better avoided for sensitive skin
0.45% - 0.65%
Helps water and oil mix together. Used as a cleansing ingredient. Could be an allergen
0.95% - 1.15%
0.35% - 0.65%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and might have some anti-oxidant and skin lightening properties. It can help calm down inflammation in skin
0.2% - 0.4%
Derived from clary sage. Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.35%
0.2% - 0.4%
Plant extract that might have moisturizing properties. Avoid if you suffer from wheat or gluten intolerance
0.25% - 0.45%
Plant extract. Might have some anti-oxidant properties. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.4%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.2% - 0.35%
A plant extract that might have some anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties but evidence for effectiveness in skin is missing
0.2% - 0.35%
0.2% - 0.35%
Plant extract. Has some anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.4%
Used as a fragrance. It can be irritating and cause photosensitivity
0.2% - 0.4%
An emollient that softens the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
A plant oil with high content of volatile compounds that, especially when exposed to air, can cause allergic reactions and irritate the skin
0.2% - 0.35%
0.2% - 0.4%
An essential oil that is likely to be irritating and can cause photosensitivity
0.15% - 0.25%
A plant oil with a high content of volatile compounds that can irritate the skin and lead to allergic reactions. Can lead to photosensitivity
0.2% - 0.35%
Used as a fragrance and can be irritating
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can help improve skin barrier function
0.2% - 0.4%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
0.2% - 0.4%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.25% - 0.45%
0.2% - 0.35%
A preservative. Is a frequent allergen in cosmetics
0.00075% - 0.0015%
A preservative. Is a frequent allergen
0.00075% - 0.0015%
Helps to stabilize the product formulation
0.2% - 0.4%
Plain old water
0.2% - 0.4%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to remove the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin reveling a more even, smoother complexation. It is also able to stimulate collagen production with long-term use. Could help to reduce pore congestion. It can be irritating to the skin. Apply sunscreen daily if using products with glycolic acid
0.2% - 0.4%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.2% - 0.4%
Helps to improve the product consistency
0.2% - 0.35%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.2% - 0.4%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.25% - 0.45%
An aromatic irritating plant extract that can cause photosensitivity in skin
0.15% - 0.3%
Might be somewhat helpful in reducing hyperpigmentation and neutralizing free radicals but its typical concentration in a product is too low for having an effect
0.2% - 0.4%
Plant extract that can have healing and anti-inflammatory properties. It is a potential allergen and can be irritating
0.2% - 0.4%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The extract can contain humectants that help attract water into the skin
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin, calm down inflammation and irritation, restore the barrier function and support wound healing. It can be helpful in reducing fine lines and wrinkles
0.2% - 0.4%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.2% - 0.35%
A salt derived from licorice. Works as an emollient to soften the upper layer of the skin and can help calm down inflammation. Might be helpful for skin lightening
0.2% - 0.4%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.25% - 0.5%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps to stabilize the product formulation
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative. Is a frequent allergen in cosmetics
0.00075% - 0.0015%
A preservative. Is a frequent allergen
0.00075% - 0.0015%
Plain old water
0.25% - 0.45%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to remove the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin reveling a more even, smoother complexation. It is also able to stimulate collagen production with long-term use. Could help to reduce pore congestion. It can be irritating to the skin. Apply sunscreen daily if using products with glycolic acid
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to create gel-like formulas and stabilize emulsions
0.2% - 0.4%
A plant extract that can be irritating. It can have some anti-bacterial properties, but there are no evidence of a beneficial effect for skin
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.2% - 0.4%
Plant extract that might have some anti-oxidant properties. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.4%
0.2% - 0.4%
Used as a fragrance
0.2% - 0.4%
A plant extract that has some anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial properties. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.35%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.25% - 0.5%
A polyhydroxy acid (PHA) that helps shed the dead cells from the skin surface revealing smoother skin. Is believed to be genter than AHAs. It helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can stimulate production of skin's own hyaluronic acid resulting in improved hydration levels. It has been shown to be helpful against acne and clogged pores if used consistently (e.g over a period of 12 weeks) in high enough concentration. It can help reduce fine lines and wrinkles and improve skin tone with long-term application. Can help neutralize free radicals
0.2% - 0.4%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.45%
Plain old water
0.25% - 0.45%
Enhances the product texture and makes it more spreadable. Helps reduce water loss from the outer layer of skin. Extands the shelf life by preventing bacteria growth
0.25% - 0.45%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
0.3% - 0.55%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.25% - 0.5%
A silicone that helps improve the product texture and spreadability. Can absord oil creating a short-term mattifying effect on the skin
0.25% - 0.5%
A silicone that makes products more spreadable and keeps skin smooth. Helps to add gloss to skin and may visually fill in fine lines/wrinkles for short time
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.25% - 0.5%
A non-drying alcohol that works to soften the skin and stabilize product formulations helping oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.5%
An emollient that helps soften the skin
0.25% - 0.5%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The extract can contain humectants that help attract water into the skin
0.3% - 0.5%
Plant extract that can have healing and anti-inflammatory properties. It is a potential allergen and can be irritating
0.2% - 0.4%
A plant extract that can help neutralize free radicals and reduce inflammation, even though it is not usually used in sufficient concentration in cosmetics
0.2% - 0.4%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.2% - 0.4%
A more stable but less bio-available form of vitamin E compared to Tocopherol. Might help moisturize and protect the skin from free radicals, but mostly used in low concentrations to stabilize other ingredients.
0.25% - 0.45%
Works as a UV filter when used in high concentrations. It is photostable and is effective mostly against the UVB light, with some protection in the UVA range. In small concentrations, used for its ability to improve the color of cosmetic products. Is usually well tolerated by the skin
0.3% - 0.6%
Helps create a thicker or gel-like product texture. It is not a surfactant but can be used in gentle cleansing formulations
0.2% - 0.4%
An emollient that softens the skin and forms a protective layer on its surface. Helps water and oil mix together
0.3% - 0.5%
Helps oil and water mix togehter and creates a nice product texture
0.35% - 0.6%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.2% - 0.4%
Improves the texture of the product and helps soften the skin. Helps oil and water mix together and can be used as a cleansing agent
0.3% - 0.6%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.2% - 0.35%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.3%

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