Philosophy - Time In A Bottle Daily Age-Defying Vitamin C Serum

Philosophy Time In A Bottle Daily Age-Defying Vitamin C Serum

WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Moisturizing
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • adenosine
  • ascorbic acid
  • lactic acid
  • retinyl palmitate
  • 3-o-ethyl ascorbic acid
  • adenosine
  • bacillus ferment
  • benzophenone-4
  • bifida ferment lysate
  • camellia sinensis leaf extract
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • cyclopentasiloxane
  • dimethicone
  • dimethiconol
  • glycerin
  • micrococcus lysate
  • plankton extract
  • silica
  • squalane
  • titanium dioxide
  • tocopherol
  • +18 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
75 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Formula review

See a mistake?
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What does the product description say?
"Time In A Bottle Daily Age-Defying Vitamin C Serum"
From product name
WIMJ summary

This product contains adenosine. This ingredient might be able to help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness, but there is not enough evidence that it actually works.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"88% of women showed significant improvement in lines, wrinkles, texture and tone*; 100% of women showed a dramatic clinical improvement in firmness** today."
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: glycerin, bis-peg-18 methyl ether dimethyl silane.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: dimethicone, dimethiconol.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH
Ingredient Irritancy Skin Benefit
peg-8
Has skin benefit
alcohol denat.
does not have skin benefit
benzophenone-4
Has skin benefit

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Plain old water
45% - 55%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
6.3% - 7.7%
A type of silicone that helps soften the upper layer of the skin and create a nice product texture
5% - 6.1%
A silicone that helps improve the product texture and spreadability. Can absord oil creating a short-term mattifying effect on the skin
3.2% - 3.9%
Used to create a nice product consistency
2.3% - 2.8%
Produces temporary toning effect. Can help dissolve other ingredients or preserve products
1.9% - 2.3%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
1.6% - 2%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
1.5% - 1.9%
A silicone that makes products more spreadable and keeps skin smooth. Helps to add gloss to skin and may visually fill in fine lines/wrinkles for short time
1.3% - 1.6%
Used to thicken the product's texture
1.3% - 1.5%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.75% - 1.1%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.6% - 0.9%
Sulisobenzone. A UV filter. Is typically used to improve the product stability under exposure to UV light. It is effective against both UVA and UVB rays. It can be used is larger concentrations as a sun protection ingredient for the skin, but can be irritating
0.75% - 1.15%
Consists of remains of dead yeast bacteria cells. Helps to hydrate the skin and reduce irritation. Might has some anti-oxidant effect
0.5% - 0.8%
Used to create a nice product finish
0.5% - 0.8%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.5% - 0.8%
A preservative
0.5% - 0.7%
Helps oil and water mix together and can enhance the penetration of other ingredients into the skin
0.45% - 0.65%
A gelling agent that thickens the product consistency and leaves the skin with a velvety finish
0.4% - 0.65%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.45% - 0.7%
A plant extract that might have anti-oxidant properties
0.35% - 0.65%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.3% - 0.6%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.4% - 0.6%
An aromatic blend of unspecified and possibly irritating ingredients
0.3% - 0.5%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.35% - 0.65%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.3% - 0.55%
Might help improve cell turnover and reduce inflammation in skin. One study shows that the ingredients might be able to stimulate collagen production in skin
0.3% - 0.55%
0.3% - 0.6%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.35% - 0.65%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.35% - 0.6%
Can be drying and contribute to skin irritation. Used in formulars to dissolve other ingredients, create a thinner product consistency or for its antibacterial properties
0.35% - 0.65%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.35% - 0.65%
Maintains the texture of skincare products. Allows the product to spread evenly. Helps oil and water mix together
0.4% - 0.6%
Used to absorb oil and can temporarily mattify skin
0.5% - 0.75%
0.35% - 0.6%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.35% - 0.6%
Helps stabilize the product formulation
0.35% - 0.65%
A preservative
0.4% - 0.6%
Used to thicken the product formulation and might help to add minerals to the surface of the skin. It is used in scrubs as a physical exfoliant. Can increase sensitivity to other ingredients if left on the skin or used in high concentration
0.35% - 0.6%
Being a lipid soluble form of vitamin C, it is more stable and can penetrate the skin better than L-Ascorbic acid. It is effective in protecting the skin from free radicals, as well as evening the skin tone, but is less effective in stimulating collagen production compared to L-Ascorbic acid.
0.4% - 0.6%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.45% - 0.65%
Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals in skin
0.35% - 0.6%
0.35% - 0.65%
A fruit extract that is used to add a fragrance to the product. It might have some antioxidant properties
0.35% - 0.6%
A product of bacterial fermentation. Can help attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.35% - 0.6%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.3% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
0.3% - 0.55%
0.35% - 0.6%
Used to stabilize the product formulation and can help absorb oil
0.35% - 0.65%
0.35% - 0.6%
Helps preserve product formulations
0.35% - 0.6%
Might be helpful in restoring skin barrier function and, when combined with zinc carbonate and malonic acid, reducing fine lines and wrinkles by stimulating elastin production. Also helps stabilize the product formulation
0.4% - 0.6%
0.35% - 0.65%
0.4% - 0.6%
Helps regulate the pH of the formulation
0.35% - 0.65%
The most well-researched antioxidant that works in skin. Helps neutralize free radicals supporting collagen production, helping to even out the skin tone and preventing early signs of aging
0.35% - 0.6%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.35% - 0.6%
Used to create gel-like formulas and stabilize emulsions
0.35% - 0.6%
Can help attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.35% - 0.65%
Consists of remains of dead bacteria cells. Is likely helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin. Might be helpful in reducing inflammation and neutralizing free radicals in skin. It is claimed to be a "DNA repair enzyme"
0.35% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
Three steps removed from the active form of vitamin A - retinoic acid. To have an effect in the skin, it first needs to be converted twice to become the retinoic acid. This means it is less potent than retinol, but could also be less irritating. Once converted to the retinoic acid in the skin, it helps against all signs of aging, improves skin cell turnover and helps fight blemishes and clogged pores. However, in many cosmetic formulations, it is used in a concentration that is too low to have the full effect
0.3% - 0.6%
Works as a UV filter when used in high concentrations. It is photostable and is effective mostly against the UVB light, with some protection in the UVA range. In small concentrations, used for its ability to improve the color of cosmetic products. Is usually well tolerated by the skin
0.45% - 0.65%
Creates an illusion of smoother and more radiant skin tone. Adds shimmer to the skin by reflecting light
0.35% - 0.6%
Acts as a solvent for other ingredients. Speeds up the absorption of other ingredients into the skin
0.35% - 0.6%
A vitamin C derivative that is more stable but less potent than pure form of vitamin C. Can help neutralize free radicals and help reduce hyperpigmentation, but the required concentration is likely to be much higher than for the pure form of vitamin C, limiting the ingredient's effectiveness in products
0.3% - 0.55%
Produces temporary toning effect. Can help dissolve other ingredients or preserve products
0.3% - 0.55%
Plain old water
0.3% - 0.55%
A grain extract that helps to create a thicker product consistency. It might have some anti-oxidant properties and help attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
Sulisobenzone. A UV filter. Is typically used to improve the product stability under exposure to UV light. It is effective against both UVA and UVB rays. It can be used is larger concentrations as a sun protection ingredient for the skin, but can be irritating
0.45% - 0.7%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.25% - 0.5%
0.25% - 0.45%
Might help improve cell turnover and reduce inflammation in skin. One study shows that the ingredients might be able to stimulate collagen production in skin
0.25% - 0.45%
0.2% - 0.4%
A colorant
0.15% - 0.3%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
0.15% - 0.25%

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