Liz Earle - Superskin Face Serum Pump

Liz Earle Superskin Face Serum Pump

WORKS FOR
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Moisturizing
  • Anti-aging
  • Evens skin tone
  • +1 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • ascorbic acid
  • borago officinalis seed oil
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • cetyl alcohol
  • glycerin
  • heptyl undecylenate
  • hydrolyzed algin
  • hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid
  • jojoba esters
  • rosa rubiginosa seed oil
  • sodium polyacrylate
  • tocopherol
  • vaccinium macrocarpon seed oil
  • +11 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
50 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"The intensive serum works to minimise the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, thanks to the powerhouse of anti-ageing components within."
WIMJ summary

This product does not contain ingredients that are able to reduce fine lines and wrinkles or help with skin elasticity, but it can improve the look of the skin temporarily through moisturization. Well-moisturized skin might also be able to repair the sun damage better.This ingredient - sodium ascorbyl phosphate - could be helpful for preventing or repairing signs of aging in theory, but there is no evidence that it actually works.

This ingredient sodium ascorbyl phosphate might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin and help it fight off some of the sun damage.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
LOW
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Naturally-active extracts such as Persian Silk Tree work to balance out the appearance of uneven tone and discolouration, while Pomegranate Flower offers the illusion of a firmer, plumper base with added luminosity."
WIMJ summary

This product contains ingredients (albizia julibrissin bark extract) that could help reduce hyperpigmentation (for example, post-acne marks or age spots) in theory, but there is not enough evidence that they actually work.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: glycerin, hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: caprylic/capric triglyceride, borago officinalis seed oil.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (sodium ascorbyl phosphate, vaccinium macrocarpon seed oil) that might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin to lessen the damage it gets from the UV light (sun). There is not enough evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin though.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
5.1% - 6.3%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin, reduce water loss from the skin surface over time and create a nice product finish
4.1% - 5%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
3.1% - 3.8%
A plant oil that is effective in reducing irritation in skin, restore the barrier function and support its hydration
2.3% - 2.8%
A plant extract that might help to neutralize free radicals in skin. Is claimed to help reduce hyperpigmentation but evidence is missing
1.8% - 2.3%
Plant oil that due to the high content of linoleic acid can support skin's barrier function and reduce moisture loss
1.6% - 2%
Acts as a solvent for other ingredients. Speeds up the absorption of other ingredients into the skin
1.4% - 1.7%
A plant oil that can help neutralize free radicals, soften the upper layer of the skin, and support skin's barrier function
1.2% - 1.4%
Used to create gel-like formulas and stabilize emulsions
0.8% - 1.2%
A plant extract that might have some anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties but evidence for effectiveness in skin is missing
0.6% - 0.9%
0.5% - 0.75%
Plant extract that can be irritating and is a known allergen
0.45% - 0.7%
An essential oil that is used as a fragrance and can be irritating. It might have some anti-oxidant effect in skin
0.35% - 0.6%
0.3% - 0.6%
0.4% - 0.6%
0.3% - 0.55%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.3% - 0.5%
Used to stabilize the product formulation and can help absorb oil
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to create a gel-like product texture, as well as to stabilize emulsions
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to create a thicker product consistency and help soften the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps oil and water mix together while softening the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.4%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.2% - 0.35%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.2% - 0.35%
0.2% - 0.35%
A preservative
0.2% - 0.35%
Derived from brown algae. Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.35%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.15% - 0.3%
An emollient made of jojoba oil. Helps soften the skin and support its barrier function
0.2% - 0.4%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin. A version of it is naturally present in skin
0.15% - 0.3%
A preservative
0.15% - 0.3%
A preservative
0.2% - 0.35%
A non-drying alcohol that works to soften the skin and stabilize product formulations helping oil and water mix together
0.2% - 0.4%
Helps water and oil mix together. Could be an allergen (beeswax)
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps oil and water mix together. Can be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
Can be drying and contribute to skin irritation. Used in formulars to dissolve other ingredients, create a thinner product consistency or for its antibacterial properties
0.15% - 0.3%
A stable derivative of vitamin C. It is oil-soluble which means it is more likely to penetrate the skin compared to the pure form of vitamin C (which is water-soluble), but it is less bio-available and is way less effective in stimulating collagen and reducing wrinkles compared to the pure form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) and its other derivatives (for example, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). At the same time, this vitamin C derivative has been shown in studies to be effective in reducing acne, blemishes and clogged pores. It is less irritating then the pure form of vitamin C
0.2% - 0.35%
An aromatic blend of unspecified and possibly irritating ingredients
0.15% - 0.25%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.15% - 0.3%
A preservative
0.15% - 0.25%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.1% - 0.25%
A common frangrance that can easily irritate skin, especially if exposed to air, light or heat
0.15% - 0.3%
The most well-researched antioxidant that works in skin. Helps neutralize free radicals supporting collagen production, helping to even out the skin tone and preventing early signs of aging
0.15% - 0.25%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.1% - 0.2%
A fragrance with a lemon scent. A likely irritant
0.1% - 0.15%

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