Clinique - Superdefense SPF 25 Fatigue + 1st Signs of Age Multi-Correcting Cream - For Combination Oily to Oily Skin

Clinique Superdefense SPF 25 Fatigue + 1st Signs of Age Multi-Correcting Cream - For Combination Oily to Oily Skin

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SPF 25
Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products User reviews Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Anti-aging
  • Moisturizing
  • Sun protection
  • Evens skin tone
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • niacinamide
  • salicylic acid
  • tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate
  • 7-dehydrocholesterol
  • acetyl carnitine hcl
  • adenosine phosphate
  • algae extract
  • arabidopsis thaliana extract
  • butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane
  • caffeine
  • capryloyl glycine
  • cetyl alcohol
  • creatine
  • dimethicone
  • ergothioneine
  • faex
  • glycerin
  • lactobacillus ferment
  • laminaria saccharina extract
  • micrococcus lysate
  • plankton extract
  • resveratrol
  • sea whip extract
  • sigesbeckia orientalis extract
  • silica
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • titanium dioxide
  • trehalose
  • yeast extract
  • +26 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
62 /100
IRRITANCY
MEDIUM
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User reviews

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Formula review

WIMJ summary

This product offers broad spectrum sun protection, but it is weak. We recommend to use a broad spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30.

This product can be considered "reef safe" because it does not contain the UV filters (oxybenzone and octinoxate) that can be harmful to coral reefs when present in the water in high concentrations.

Organic filters
Ingredient UVB UVA I UVA II Stability
butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane
cross
Offers UVA I protection
Offers UVA II protection
Is photo stable
ethylhexyl salicylate
Offers UVB protection
Does not offer UVA I protection
Does not offer UVA II protection
Is photo stable
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What does the product description say?
"Superdefense SPF 25 Fatigue + 1st Signs of Age Multi-Correcting Cream ."
From product name
WIMJ summary

This product contains adenosine phosphate, arabidopsis thaliana extract, creatine, resveratrol. These ingredients might be able to help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness, but there is not enough evidence that it actually works. The biggest anti-aging effect in this product comes from sun protection. Sun damage is the main factor causing early signs of skin aging. We, however, do not recommend using this product as a sunscreen because the protection it offers is not strong enough).

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
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What does the product description say?
"It helps visibly diminish the look of uneven texture, dullness, fine lines, and wrinkles."
WIMJ summary

This product contains ingredients (albizia julibrissin bark extract, resveratrol) that could help reduce hyperpigmentation (for example, post-acne marks or age spots) in theory, but there is not enough evidence that they actually work.

The biggest effect for evening out skin tone in this product comes from sun protection. Sun damage is the main factor causing age spots, darkening of post-acne marks and other discolorations. This is why sun protection is the best strategy for maintaining an even skin tone. We, however, do not recommend using this product as a sunscreen because the protection it offers is not strong enough).

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
LOW
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Dullness, Uneven Texture, and Fine Lines and Wrinkles Formulation."
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: algae extract, faex.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: dimethicone, algae extract.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (resveratrol) that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. By doing so, they can lessen the damage the skin gets from the UV light (sun).

The following ingredients - creatine also can have an antioxidant effect, but there is less evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
MEDIUM

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
Octisalate. A UV filter. It offers some protection against the sun rays that cause sunburn (UVB), but does not protect against the most aging sun rays (UVA). It loses its effectiveness quickly when exposed to sunlight. It is an organic, or so called "chemical" sunscreen
5.4% - 6.6%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
4.1% - 5%
Avobenzone. An organic, or so-called "chemical" UV filter. Protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Needs to be combined with other filters in a formulation to be stable.
3.5% - 4.3%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin and create a nice product consistency
2.3% - 2.8%
Used to stabilize product formulations and individual ingredients (for example, sunscreens). Can be an allergen
1.9% - 2.3%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
1.7% - 2.1%
Helps water and oil mix together
1.4% - 1.7%
A synthetic ester of salicylic acid that is used to help disperse pigments and boost effectiveness of sunscreen ingredients. It is able to absorb UV light (working as an organic, or chemical filter), but is not approved as a sunscreen ingredient on its own
1.1% - 1.4%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.95% - 1.15%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.65% - 1%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.55% - 0.85%
Used to absorb oil and can temporarily mattify skin
0.75% - 1.1%
A non-drying alcohol that works to soften the skin and stabilize product formulations helping oil and water mix together
0.55% - 0.8%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
0.4% - 0.6%
Used to preserve products, dissolve other ingredients and create a nice product texture
0.45% - 0.65%
0.35% - 0.65%
A plant extract tha can have anti-oxidant properties, but evidence of effectiveness in skin is lacking
0.3% - 0.5%
Might have some anti-inflammatory properties but research is lacking
0.3% - 0.55%
Carrot extract. Might have anti-oxidant properties and be used to add orange color
0.25% - 0.45%
Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals in skin but solid research is lacking. Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
A plant extract that might have some anti-oxidant properties
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps neutralize free radicals in skin and might help reduce fine lines and wrinkles, as well as even out the skin tone
0.25% - 0.5%
Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals. Can have a dehydration effect that might somewhat decrease the look of puffy eyes
0.25% - 0.45%
Can help attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to thicken the product consistency
0.25% - 0.45%
A berry extract. Might have some anti-oxidant properties
0.25% - 0.45%
Might be somewhat helpful in reducing hyperpigmentation and neutralizing free radicals but its typical concentration in a product is too low for having an effect
0.25% - 0.45%
Might help improve cell turnover and reduce inflammation in skin. One study shows that the ingredients might be able to stimulate collagen production in skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Used for skin exfoliation. It has an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effect, helps to unclog pores, prevent blemishes and speed up healing of the existing ones. Sometimes referred to as a BHA (beta-hydroxy acid)
0.25% - 0.45%
A seaweed extract that contains sugars and can be helpful in attracting water to the upper layers of the skin if used in high enough concentrations
0.25% - 0.45%
Can support skin's ability to neutralize free radicals and produce collagen, though further research is needed to confirm effectiveness
0.25% - 0.45%
Plant extract that might be helpful in repairing sun damage but evidence of effectiveness in skin are lacking
0.25% - 0.45%
A fermentation product created by bacteria Lactobacillus. The fermented product has anti-bacterial properties and might be helpful in calming down inflammation, but studies are lacking. Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Can be used as a preservative
0.25% - 0.45%
Can help neutralize free radicals in skin. Preliminary studies show that it can be more effective than coenzyme Q10 but studies on effective concentration for topical applications are lacking
0.25% - 0.45%
Is claimed to have anti-aging properties, but research about its effect in topical application is missing
0.25% - 0.45%
Consists of remains of dead bacteria cells. Is likely helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin. Might be helpful in reducing inflammation and neutralizing free radicals in skin. It is claimed to be a "DNA repair enzyme"
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps improve the product texture
0.25% - 0.45%
Plant extract that helps the skin to attract water and make it more smooth for touch. Also shows promise of anti-aging properties, but research is not extensive yet
0.3% - 0.6%
Might be helpful in decreasing sebum production making the skin less oily. Is claimed to be able to support ceramide production in skin that leads to better hydration, but evidence is lacking. Is able to attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
A plant extract that might have some anti-oxidant properties. Avoid if you are sensitive to gluten
0.3% - 0.5%
A plant extract that might help to neutralize free radicals in skin. Is claimed to help reduce hyperpigmentation but evidence is missing
0.25% - 0.45%
A plant extract that can contain an anti-inflammatory compound
0.25% - 0.45%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Pro-vitamin D. It is claimed to have anti-inflammatory effect in skin, but there is no research available confirming that this compound converts to vitamin D in skin or has any other benefits apart from softening the upper layer of the skin. This compound is different from the Vitamin D3 analogues used in medicine to treat psoriasis
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to create an even product consistency. Can help boost efficiency of sunscreen filters
0.25% - 0.45%
Might help neutrlize free radicals, calm down inflammation, and attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
A more stable but less bio-available form of vitamin E compared to Tocopherol. Might help moisturize and protect the skin from free radicals, but mostly used in low concentrations to stabilize other ingredients.
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps oil and water mix togehter and creates a nice product texture
0.35% - 0.6%
A sugar that attracts water to the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
An emollient that helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
Used to thicken the product's texture
0.4% - 0.65%
Used to thicken the product consistency
0.35% - 0.65%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and might have some anti-oxidant and skin lightening properties. It can help calm down inflammation in skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Yeast extract. Helps to attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and might have some anti-oxidant and skin lightening properties. It can help calm down inflammation in skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps oil and water mix together, preserve cosmetic products, and attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.6%
Improves the texture of the product and helps soften the skin. Helps oil and water mix together and can be used as a cleansing agent
0.35% - 0.6%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps water and oil mix together and create gel-like textures
0.2% - 0.4%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), but is mostly used to stabilize product formulations in cosmetics
0.2% - 0.4%
Being a lipid soluble form of vitamin C. It is more stable than ascorbic acid, but still degrades quickly and needs to be stabilized in a formulation with another ingredient. It is claimed to penetrate skin better than pure vitamin C and have the the similar benefits, but solid studies of its effectiveness are lacking. Is likely to require a higher concentration in a product than pure vitamin C to be effective.
0.2% - 0.4%
0.2% - 0.35%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.15% - 0.3%
A preservative
0.15% - 0.25%
A preservative
0.15% - 0.25%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.3%
Works as a UV filter when used in high concentrations. It is photostable and is effective mostly against the UVB light, with some protection in the UVA range. In small concentrations, used for its ability to improve the color of cosmetic products. Is usually well tolerated by the skin
0.1% - 0.2%
Creates an illusion of smoother and more radiant skin tone. Adds shimmer to the skin by reflecting light
0.1% - 0.2%

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