Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-blemish
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • niacinamide
  • ascorbic acid
  • ferulic acid
  • allantoin
  • arginine
  • caffeine
  • camellia sinensis leaf extract
  • cocos nucifera fruit extract
  • dipotassium glycyrrhizate
  • glycerin
  • squalane
  • sucrose
  • +9 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
MEDIUM
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Formula review

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WIMJ summary

This product might be able to help reduce blemishes and clogged pores because it contains niacinamide.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
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WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains niacinamide.

These ingredients in the product can also be helpful, even though there is less evidence for their effectiveness: ferulic acid.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: niacinamide

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: ferulic acid, glycyrrhiza glabra root extract.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
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Promise
What does the product description say?
"Hydrogel patches infuse the delicate eye area with hydration."
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: allantoin, arginine.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: arginine, squalane.

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: niacinamide

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (ferulic acid) that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. By doing so, they can lessen the damage the skin gets from the UV light (sun).

The following ingredients - camellia sinensis leaf extract also can have an antioxidant effect, but there is less evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
MEDIUM

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
5% - 6.1%
A plant-infused water. The concentration of compounds with potential skin benefits is unlikely to be effective
4.1% - 5%
Helps thicken the product formula and create a nice product formulation
3.1% - 3.8%
Helps to dissolve other ingredients in a formulation. Slows down the rate of product drying
2.2% - 2.7%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
1.9% - 2.3%
The most well-researched antioxidant that works in skin. Helps neutralize free radicals supporting collagen production, helping to even out the skin tone and preventing early signs of aging
1.7% - 2.1%
An emollient. Found to be as effective as a moisturizer for dry skin as mineral oil. Could be comedogenic
1.5% - 1.8%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating and cause photosensitivity
1.2% - 1.4%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
1% - 1.2%
A plant extract that might have some anti-inflammatory properties, but solid evidence is lacking. It can be irritating
0.7% - 1.1%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.45% - 0.65%
An amino acid that is naturally present in skin and helps keep it hydrated. When used together with AHAs, it can reduce their irritating effect on the skin
0.5% - 0.75%
A potent anti-oxidant that has been shown to be effective in neutralizing free radicals in skin. There seem to have a synergetic effect of ferulic acid, vitamin E and C, meaning that when the ingredients are used together, they enhance each other's ability protect the skin against free radicals. Ferulic acid also helps to stabilize other ingredients - including vitamins C and E. It can help to even out the skin tone. Ferulic acid is approved for use as a sunscreen ingredient in Japan in concentrations up to 10%
0.5% - 0.7%
Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals. Can have a dehydration effect that might somewhat decrease the look of puffy eyes
0.45% - 0.65%
A salt derived from licorice. Works as an emollient to soften the upper layer of the skin and can help calm down inflammation. Might be helpful for skin lightening
0.45% - 0.65%
0.45% - 0.7%
Used to stabilize product formulations and create thicker consistency
0.45% - 0.7%
Acts as a solvent for other ingredients. Speeds up the absorption of other ingredients into the skin
0.35% - 0.65%
Helps create a thicker product consistency. Might be irritating
0.3% - 0.55%
Used to preserve products, dissolve other ingredients and create a nice product texture
0.35% - 0.6%
0.25% - 0.5%
Used to dissolve other ingredients. Might be irritating
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.45%
0.25% - 0.45%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.2% - 0.4%
Used to create thicker product consistency and stabilize emulsions
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.16% - 0.32%
Can help attract water to the upper layer of the skin. In crystal form, it can work as a gentle exfoliant, gentler than the salt scrub. Helps stabilize the emulsion
0.2% - 0.35%
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.2% - 0.4%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.2% - 0.4%
A preservative
0.15% - 0.25%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.1% - 0.2%
An umbrella term for the following three colorants: CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499
0.1% - 0.15%
A colorant. Usually well-tolerated
0.05% - 0.15%

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