Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Exfoliation
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-aging
  • Moisturizing
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • lactic acid
  • glutathione
  • sucrose
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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In stock $40.00
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Price as of 7/30/2021 15:27 GMT. More info
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Formula review

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WIMJ summary

This product contains lactic acid. This ingredient might be able to help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness, but there is not enough evidence that it actually works.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
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WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: glutathione, lactic acid

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: lactobacillus/pumpkin ferment extract.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
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Promise
What does the product description say?
"Refine pores and nourish the skin with this pumpkin wine-based toner filled with vitamins, amino acids and enzymes that leave the skin healthy and glowing."
WIMJ summary

This product can help exfoliate the skin. In other words, it helps break down the bonds between dead cells on the surface of the skin and speed up the skin turnover. Skin often appears softer and brighter after exfoliation, but overdoing it can result in disrupted skin barrier. The following ingredient is doing the exfoliating job in this product: lactic acid.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
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WIMJ summary

This product contains good ingredients to attract water to the upper layer of the skin. These ingredients are called "humectants": lactic acid, sucrose.

When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. If the air is dry, humectants can speed up the moisture loss from the skin. This is why it is a good idea to use another product on top of this one to help "seal in" the moisture (look for ingredients like dimethicone, squalane, oils and butters).

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (glutathione) that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. By doing so, they can lessen the damage the skin gets from the UV light (sun).

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
40% - 60%
An enzyme-based exfoliant
5.3% - 7.9%
Can help attract water to the upper layer of the skin. In crystal form, it can work as a gentle exfoliant, gentler than the salt scrub. Helps stabilize the emulsion
3.4% - 5.1%
Helps oil and water mix together and can enhance the penetration of other ingredients into the skin. It can be irritating
2.7% - 4%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
2% - 3%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
1.4% - 2.1%
A peptide that can help neutralize free radicals in skin and reduce melanin production resulting in skin lightening effect and reduction in hyperpigmentation. It can also help attract moisture to the upper layer of the skin
1% - 1.5%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
0.6% - 1.35%
An essential oil. Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating and sensitizing
0.2% - 0.7%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.1% - 0.45%
An essential oil that is likely to be irritating and can cause photosensitivity
0.1% - 0.35%
Produces temporary toning effect. Can help dissolve other ingredients or preserve products
0.05% - 0.2%

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