Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Exfoliation
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-oxidation
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • lactic acid
  • glycolic acid
  • colloidal oatmeal
  • niacinamide
  • sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • ceramide np
  • linoleic acid
  • panthenol
  • allantoin
  • butyrospermum parkii butter
  • c12-15 alkyl benzoate
  • caffeine
  • camellia sinensis leaf extract
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • cera microcristallina
  • cetearyl alcohol
  • copernicia cerifera cera
  • copernicia cerifera wax
  • corallina officinalis extract
  • diisostearyl malate
  • dimethicone
  • glycerin
  • glyceryl stearate se
  • glycine soja oil
  • hyaluronic acid
  • phyllanthus emblica fruit extract
  • phytosteryl canola glycerides
  • phytosteryl/octyldodecyl lauroyl glutamate
  • polysilicone-11
  • silica
  • simmondsia chinensis seed oil
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • sodium pca
  • squalane
  • titanium dioxide
  • tocopherol
  • triolein
  • vitis vinifera seed oil
  • +35 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"5 oz/ 15 mL Eye Duty Niacinamide Brightening Eye Cream Clinical Results."
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains glycolic acid.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: glycolic acid

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: glycyrrhiza glabra root extract.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"The Facial Radiance Pads are daily treatment pads that exfoliate and visibly tone and brighten in a single swipe."
WIMJ summary

This product can help exfoliate the skin. In other words, it helps break down the bonds between dead cells on the surface of the skin and speed up the skin turnover. Skin often appears softer and brighter after exfoliation, but overdoing it can result in disrupted skin barrier. The following ingredient is doing the exfoliating job in this product: glycolic acid.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"A natural humectant that helps hydrate and smooth skin."
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: allantoin, glycerin.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: cera microcristallina, copernicia cerifera wax.

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: ceramide np, linoleic acid, panthenol

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (sodium ascorbyl phosphate) that might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin to lessen the damage it gets from the UV light (sun). There is not enough evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin though.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold

Potential irritants

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
40% - 60%
Helps water and oil mix together. Can be used as a cleansing agent
7.8% - 11.7%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
3.5% - 5.2%
Helps oil and water mix together and works as an emollient
2.6% - 3.9%
2.1% - 3.1%
1.7% - 2.6%
An emollient that helps soften the skin
1.5% - 2.2%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.5% - 1%
Helps oil and water mix together and works as a cleansing agent
1.1% - 1.6%
Naturally present in skin and helps to attract water to its upper layer
0.8% - 1.2%
Used to create a thicker product consistency and stabilize the formulation
0.55% - 1.25%
Used as a cleansing agent (surfactant) in cleansers. Helps water and oil mix together in lotions. Can be irritating
0.5% - 1.15%
Helps oil and water mix together. Can be irritating
0.4% - 0.95%
Used to thicken the product formulation and might help to add minerals to the surface of the skin. It is used in scrubs as a physical exfoliant. Can increase sensitivity to other ingredients if left on the skin or used in high concentration
0.35% - 0.85%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.3% - 0.75%
Used to stabilize product formulations
0.35% - 0.8%
Could have anti-inflammatory effect on skin, but can be irritating as well. Can be added to products for its smell
0.3% - 0.7%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.3% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.2% - 0.75%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.15% - 0.65%
Used to stabilize the product formulation and can help absorb oil
0.15% - 0.7%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The extract can contain humectants that help attract water into the skin
0.15% - 0.65%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.15% - 0.7%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.7%
Helps to stabilize the product formulation
0.15% - 0.65%
Plain old water
0.15% - 0.65%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The extract can contain humectants that help attract water into the skin
0.15% - 0.65%
0.15% - 0.65%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.15% - 0.65%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.2% - 0.75%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to remove the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin reveling a more even, smoother complexation. It is also able to stimulate collagen production with long-term use. Could help to reduce pore congestion. It can be irritating to the skin. Apply sunscreen daily if using products with glycolic acid
0.15% - 0.65%
A preservative that comes from radishes fermented by a bacteria. New research suggests that the preservation properties in the ingredient come from an ammonium salt that is not present naturally in radish root but used in its cultivation. Is problematic because the exact amount of the preservative agents is difficult to determine
0.15% - 0.65%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.15% - 0.6%
0.15% - 0.65%
A very irritating fragrant ingredient
0.15% - 0.6%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.2% - 0.7%
A plant extract that might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals and have a skin lightening effect if used in high enough concentrations
0.15% - 0.65%
Could have anti-inflammatory effect on skin, but can be irritating as well. Can be added to products for its smell
0.15% - 0.6%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin. Naturally present in skin. Typically has large molecule size unless advertised otherwise on the product label. Helps support skin's barrier function and may help to reduce inflammation
0.15% - 0.65%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.2% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.15% - 0.65%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.7%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.15% - 0.65%
A preservative
0.16% - 0.32%
Help to stabilize the product formulation
0.15% - 0.65%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps to restore skin barrier function, soften the upper layer of the skin and calm down inflammation
0.5%
Declared
Plain old water
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps oil and water mix together and works as an emollient
0.35% - 0.8%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.2% - 0.75%
Enhances the product texture and makes it more spreadable. Helps reduce water loss from the outer layer of skin. Extands the shelf life by preventing bacteria growth
0.2% - 0.7%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.2% - 0.8%
An emollient that softens the skin and forms a protective layer on its surface. Helps water and oil mix together
0.2% - 0.8%
Used to stabilize the product formulations and works as an emollient
0.2% - 0.7%
A non-drying alcohol. Works as an emollient. Helps water and oil mix together and creates a nice product texture
0.2% - 0.75%
A great moisturising ingredient that softens the skin and reduces water loss from its upper layer. It also can be helpful in protecting skin from free radicals
0.2% - 0.75%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
0.2% - 0.8%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.2% - 0.8%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.7%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.2% - 0.7%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.15% - 0.7%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.15% - 0.6%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.15% - 0.65%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.15% - 0.65%
Could have anti-inflammatory effect on skin, but can be irritating as well. Can be added to products for its smell
0.15% - 0.6%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.2% - 0.7%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.15% - 0.6%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.2% - 0.75%
An essential oil that can be very irritating. Has some anti-bacterial properties
0.15% - 0.6%
Plain old water
0.15% - 0.65%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
0.2% - 0.8%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.2% - 0.75%
Sea water. Helps dissolve other ingredients in a product
0.15% - 0.65%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.65%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
0.15% - 0.65%
A silicone that forms a light film on the skin surface helping to bind water and temporarily absorb oils creating a matt and powdery feel
0.2% - 0.75%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.2% - 0.8%
Creates an illusion of smoother and more radiant skin tone. Adds shimmer to the skin by reflecting light
0.2% - 0.75%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can help improve skin barrier function
0.15% - 0.65%
0.15% - 0.65%
A stable derivative of vitamin C. It is oil-soluble which means it is more likely to penetrate the skin compared to the pure form of vitamin C (which is water-soluble), but it is less bio-available and is way less effective in stimulating collagen and reducing wrinkles compared to the pure form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) and its other derivatives (for example, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). At the same time, this vitamin C derivative has been shown in studies to be effective in reducing acne, blemishes and clogged pores. It is less irritating then the pure form of vitamin C
0.15% - 0.7%
Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals in skin
0.15% - 0.65%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.65%
Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals. Can have a dehydration effect that might somewhat decrease the look of puffy eyes
0.15% - 0.65%
0.15% - 0.65%
Red algae extract that helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and might contain antioxidants
0.15% - 0.65%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.15% - 0.6%
Could have anti-inflammatory effect on skin, but can be irritating as well. Can be added to products for its smell
0.15% - 0.6%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.2% - 0.7%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.15% - 0.7%
A mix of amino acids and plant-based lipids. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and reduce water loss over time
0.2% - 0.75%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.15% - 0.6%
Used to increase effectiveness of preservatives
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps to create a nice product texture and spread the product more easily on the skin
0.2% - 0.7%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.2% - 0.8%
0.3% - 0.7%
0.15% - 0.7%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
A gelling agent that thickens the product consistency and leaves the skin with a velvety finish
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.2% - 0.7%
An excellent emollient. Helps soften the skin, restore its barrier function, and can help to calm down inflammation. It can be helpful to prevent blemishes and clogged pores
0.35% - 0.8%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.65%
Used to absorb oil and can temporarily mattify skin
0.35% - 0.8%
Helps create a more spreadable product texture
0.15% - 0.65%
An emollient that is naturally present in skin and helps soften it
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin. At the same time, it can weaken the skin's barrier enhancing penetration of other ingredients and increasing the risk of skin dryness
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps oil and water mix together and works as an emollient
0.35% - 0.8%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.15% - 0.7%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.2% - 0.7%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.65%
Used to dissolve other ingredients and to improve smell of products. It could be irritating
0.15% - 0.6%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.15% - 0.65%
Works as a UV filter when used in high concentrations. It is photostable and is effective mostly against the UVB light, with some protection in the UVA range. In small concentrations, used for its ability to improve the color of cosmetic products. Is usually well tolerated by the skin
0.35% - 0.8%
A red colorant made of iron oxide. Typically is not irritating
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.7%
Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin, reduce water loss from its surface and create a thicker product consistency
0.2% - 0.8%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.2% - 0.75%
Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin, reduce water loss from its surface and create a thicker product consistency
0.2% - 0.8%
Softens the upper layer of skin and helps restore the healthy skin barrier. Has shown to help calm down inflammation in skin. It is a stable oil, meaning that it retains its properties even when exposed to air.
0.2% - 0.8%
A great moisturising ingredient that softens the skin and reduces water loss from its upper layer. It also can be helpful in protecting skin from free radicals
0.2% - 0.75%
A great emollient that can also have anti-oxidant properties
0.2% - 0.75%
Brazilian palm wax. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and create a nice product consistency
0.35% - 0.8%
0.2% - 0.75%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
0.2% - 0.8%
An unspecified blend of fragrant irritating ingredients
0.15% - 0.65%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.2% - 0.75%
0.15% - 0.65%
0.2% - 0.7%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.3% - 0.75%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin. Naturally present in skin. Typically has large molecule size unless advertised otherwise on the product label. Helps support skin's barrier function and may help to reduce inflammation
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps adjust the product pH
0.15% - 0.65%
Helps calm down inflammation in skin and can help reduce itching. Helps to repair the skin barrier and keep skin hydrated
0.15% - 0.6%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.2% - 0.75%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.15% - 0.6%
A good emollient that helps soften the skin and helps repair its barrier function
0.15% - 0.6%
Plain old water
0.15% - 0.55%
Could have anti-inflammatory effect on skin, but can be irritating as well. Can be added to products for its smell
0.1% - 0.45%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.1% - 0.45%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.1% - 0.45%
A preservative that comes from radishes fermented by a bacteria. New research suggests that the preservation properties in the ingredient come from an ammonium salt that is not present naturally in radish root but used in its cultivation. Is problematic because the exact amount of the preservative agents is difficult to determine
0.1% - 0.35%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.05% - 0.25%
Help to stabilize the product formulation
0.05% - 0.25%
A fragrance with a lemon scent. A likely irritant
0.05% - 0.25%
A common frangrance that can easily irritate skin, especially if exposed to air, light or heat
0.05% - 0.15%

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