Avant Skincare - 2-1 Glutamic Acid Skin Lightening & Dark Spot Reducer

Avant Skincare 2-1 Glutamic Acid Skin Lightening & Dark Spot Reducer

WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-blemish
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • niacinamide
  • sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • retinyl palmitate
  • ceramide 1
  • ceramide 3
  • ceramide 6 ii
  • phytosphingosine
  • arginine
  • calcium pantothenate
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • cholesterol
  • cyanocobalamin
  • dimethicone
  • dimethicone crosspolymer
  • folic acid
  • glycerin
  • glyceryl linolenate
  • histidine hcl
  • hydrolyzed glycosaminoglycans
  • mannitol
  • pantothenic acid
  • phenylethyl resorcinol
  • phloretin
  • polyglycerin-6
  • pyridoxine
  • saccharomyces/copper ferment
  • saccharomyces/iron ferment
  • saccharomyces/magnesium ferment
  • saccharomyces/silicon ferment
  • saccharomyces/zinc ferment
  • silica
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • sodium polyacrylate
  • squalane
  • thioctic acid
  • titanium dioxide
  • trehalose
  • tyrosine
  • ubiquinone
  • +36 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Formula review

See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product might be able to help reduce blemishes and clogged pores because it contains niacinamide.

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually works: pantothenic acid, sodium ascorbyl phosphate

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains niacinamide.

These ingredients in the product can also be helpful, even though there is less evidence for their effectiveness: folic acid, phloretin.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"2-1 Glutamic Acid Skin Lightening & Dark Spot Reducer"
From product name
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: niacinamide

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: phenylethyl resorcinol.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"The cutting-edge treatment for directly addressing stubborn dark spots and correcting skin discolouration, the concentrate helps to moisturise and restore a luminous glow with star ingredient Glutamic Acid."
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: glycerin, hydrolyzed glycosaminoglycans.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: dimethicone, squalane.

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: ceramide 1, ceramide 3, ceramide 6 ii, niacinamide, phytosphingosine

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (phloretin, thioctic acid, ubiquinone) that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. By doing so, they can lessen the damage the skin gets from the UV light (sun).

The following ingredients - pyridoxine, sodium ascorbyl phosphate also can have an antioxidant effect, but there is less evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold

Potential irritants

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
Helps optically blurr skin imperfections such as fine lines and pores
6.7% - 8.1%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
4.4% - 5.4%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
3% - 3.6%
A sugar that attracts water to the upper layer of the skin
2.1% - 2.5%
Helps products spread more easily and works as an emollient to soften skin
1.7% - 2.1%
1.3% - 1.6%
Yeast extract that contains magnesium. Can help to attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Evidence of effectiveness for other benefits is missing
1.1% - 1.3%
Yeast extract that contains silicon. Can help to attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Evidence of effectiveness for other benefits is missing
0.75% - 1.1%
Yeast extract that contains copper. Can help to attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can help in skin wound healing
0.6% - 0.9%
Yeast extract that contains zinc. Can help to attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Evidence of effectiveness for other benefits is missing
0.4% - 0.6%
Yeast extract that contains iron. Can help to attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Evidence of effectiveness for other benefits is missing
0.3% - 0.55%
0.25% - 0.45%
Can help stimulate collagen production in skin. While available studies are promising, more research is needed to confirm the efficacy in skin
0.2% - 0.4%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.35%
0.2% - 0.4%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.35%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
0.15% - 0.25%
0.1% - 0.2%
Used to stabilize product formulation and create a nice product consistency
0.15% - 0.25%
A type of silicone that can help create nice product texture and soften the upper layer of the skin
0.1% - 0.15%
A gelling agent that thickens the product consistency and leaves the skin with a velvety finish
0.05% - 0.15%
0.1% - 0.15%
A preservative
0.05% - 0.1%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.1% - 0.2%
Used to create a thicker product texture. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin and might be able to prevent moisture loss from its surface
0.05% - 0.1%
A mineral that is used to improve the texture of cosmetic products
0.1% - 0.15%
Used to create a gel-like product texture, as well as to stabilize emulsions
0.1% - 0.2%
Might help reduce hyperpigmentation in skin and help neutralize free radicals
0.1% - 0.15%
0.05% - 0.1%
0.1% - 0.2%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.1% - 0.15%
Helps create a silky product texture
0.05% - 0.1%
Used to create a thicker product consistency and stabilize the formulation
0.1% - 0.15%
Long sugars that help attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.05% - 0.1%
Works as a UV filter when used in high concentrations. It is photostable and is effective mostly against the UVB light, with some protection in the UVA range. In small concentrations, used for its ability to improve the color of cosmetic products. Is usually well tolerated by the skin
0.15% - 0.25%
Helps water and oil mix together and stabilize the product formulation
0.05% - 0.15%
0.05% - 0.1%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.1% - 0.15%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.05% - 0.15%
0.05% - 0.15%
An antioxidant. Can help neutralize free radicals in skin
0.1% - 0.15%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.05% - 0.15%
An amino acid that is naturally present in skin and helps keep it hydrated. When used together with AHAs, it can reduce their irritating effect on the skin
0.05% - 0.05%
0.05% - 0.1%
Might help neutralize free radicals in skin
0.05% - 0.1%
Helps support skin barrier function improving skin hydration and reducing sensitivity
0.05% - 0.1%
Used to stabilize the product formulation and can help absorb oil
0.1% - 0.15%
0.05% - 0.1%
Used to create a thicker product consistency and stabilize formulations
0.15% - 0.25%
A stable derivative of vitamin C. It is oil-soluble which means it is more likely to penetrate the skin compared to the pure form of vitamin C (which is water-soluble), but it is less bio-available and is way less effective in stimulating collagen and reducing wrinkles compared to the pure form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) and its other derivatives (for example, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). At the same time, this vitamin C derivative has been shown in studies to be effective in reducing acne, blemishes and clogged pores. It is less irritating then the pure form of vitamin C
0.1% - 0.2%
A salt of an amino-acid that helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Might be helpful in restoring the skin barrier function
0.1% - 0.15%
A fragrance. A likely allergen and can be irritating
0.05% - 0.1%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and improves the product texture
0.1% - 0.15%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.25%
Is used to enhance product texture and can help to optically mask skin imperfections
0.15% - 0.25%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.1% - 0.2%
A more stable but less bio-available form of vitamin E compared to Tocopherol. Might help moisturize and protect the skin from free radicals, but mostly used in low concentrations to stabilize other ingredients.
0.1% - 0.2%
0.1% - 0.2%
An emollient that is naturally found in skin
0.15% - 0.3%
0.1% - 0.15%
A type of lipid that is naturally present in skin. It might help in repairing skin barrier function and has anti-bacterial effect
0.15% - 0.25%
Helps create a gel-like product texture. Can be used in gentle cleansing formulations
0.1% - 0.2%
0.1% - 0.15%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.1% - 0.2%
0.1% - 0.15%
0.15% - 0.25%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.3%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.15% - 0.3%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.15% - 0.3%
A preservative
0.1% - 0.25%
Coenzyme Q10. It helps neutralize free radicals in skin, improves skin hydration and might be helpful agains fine lines and wrinkles. It can be an allergen
0.15% - 0.3%
Three steps removed from the active form of vitamin A - retinoic acid. To have an effect in the skin, it first needs to be converted twice to become the retinoic acid. This means it is less potent than retinol, but could also be less irritating. Once converted to the retinoic acid in the skin, it helps against all signs of aging, improves skin cell turnover and helps fight blemishes and clogged pores. However, in many cosmetic formulations, it is used in a concentration that is too low to have the full effect
0.15% - 0.25%
Used to absorb oil and can temporarily mattify skin
0.25% - 0.5%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.15% - 0.3%
An emollient that can also help water and oil mix together, as well as prevent bacteria growth in products
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and may help reduce inflammation in skin
0.15% - 0.25%
0.15% - 0.25%
Might have some moisturising properties. Is not effective when applied topically beyond some moisturizing effect
0.15% - 0.25%
Can support skin barrier function and reduce inflammation in skin
0.15% - 0.25%
Might help neutralize free radicals in skin, but evidence of effectiveness in skin is lacking. It might be irritating
0.15% - 0.25%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.2% - 0.35%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.2% - 0.35%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.2% - 0.35%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.2% - 0.35%
An aromatic blend of unspecified and possibly irritating ingredients
0.15% - 0.3%
A fragrance. Can trigger allergic reactions and be irritating
0.15% - 0.25%
Helps to attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.3%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.15% - 0.25%
A fragrance with jasmine smell. A likely irritant
0.15% - 0.25%
A fragrance. Potential allergen and can be irritating
0.15% - 0.25%
A colorant that can add a pearl-like appearance to the formulation
0.25% - 0.5%
Works as a UV filter when used in high concentrations. It is photostable and is effective mostly against the UVB light, with some protection in the UVA range. In small concentrations, used for its ability to improve the color of cosmetic products. Is usually well tolerated by the skin
0.25% - 0.45%
Creates an illusion of smoother and more radiant skin tone. Adds shimmer to the skin by reflecting light
0.15% - 0.25%
0.1% - 0.2%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.1% - 0.2%
A preservative
0.15% - 0.25%
A preservative
0.1% - 0.2%

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