Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Anti-blemish
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • niacinamide
  • sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate
  • beta-glucan
  • biosaccharide gum-1
  • ethylhexyl palmitate
  • glycerin
  • polyglyceryl-10 oleate
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • +6 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Formula review

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WIMJ summary

This product might be able to help reduce blemishes and clogged pores because it contains niacinamide.

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually works: sodium ascorbyl phosphate

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains niacinamide.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: niacinamide

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"An intensely hydrating toner that contains organic Goheung yuja extract and oil to brighten the skin from the inside out."
WIMJ summary

This product contains good ingredients to attract water to the upper layer of the skin. These ingredients are called "humectants": biosaccharide gum-1, glycerin.

When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. If the air is dry, humectants can speed up the moisture loss from the skin. This is why it is a good idea to use another product on top of this one to help "seal in" the moisture (look for ingredients like dimethicone, squalane, oils and butters).

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: niacinamide

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (sodium ascorbyl phosphate) that might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin to lessen the damage it gets from the UV light (sun). There is not enough evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin though.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
Contains essential oil. Can be irritating and lead to photosensitivity
5.3% - 6.5%
Produces temporary toning effect. Can help dissolve other ingredients or preserve products
4.6% - 5.6%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
3.2% - 3.9%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
2.5% - 3%
Helps create a more spreadable product texture
2% - 2.4%
Helps create a thicker product consistency
1.8% - 2.2%
Helps to dissolve other ingredients in a formulation. Slows down the rate of product drying
1.4% - 1.7%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin, calm down inflammation and irritation, restore the barrier function and support wound healing. It can be helpful in reducing fine lines and wrinkles
1.2% - 1.5%
1% - 1.2%
Acts as a solvent for other ingredients. Speeds up the absorption of other ingredients into the skin
0.75% - 1.1%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.65% - 0.95%
A type of silicone that helps soften the upper layer of the skin and create a nice product texture
0.55% - 0.85%
A plant oil with a high content of volatile compounds that can irritate the skin and lead to allergic reactions. Can lead to photosensitivity
0.5% - 0.75%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.45% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.45% - 0.7%
Might have some anti-inflammatory properties but research is lacking
0.45% - 0.7%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.4% - 0.65%
0.35% - 0.65%
0.3% - 0.55%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but data on its effectiveness is lacking. While the majority of the content is plain water, it can contain some goodies like vitamins, enzymes, minerals, and humectants that help attract water into the skin
0.3% - 0.6%
A plant oil with high content of volatile compounds that, especially when exposed to air, can cause allergic reactions and irritate the skin
0.25% - 0.5%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin and is claimed to provide a longer-lasting hydration because of its ability to create a water-binding film on the surface of the skin
0.3% - 0.55%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.3% - 0.55%
Increases thickness of a product. Texture enhancer for oil-in-water emulsions
0.3% - 0.55%
Used to thicken product formulations and create gel-like textures
0.3% - 0.55%
0.3% - 0.5%
Used to stabilize the product formulation and can help absorb oil
0.25% - 0.5%
Used to thicken the product's consistency
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.45%
0.25% - 0.45%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.25% - 0.45%
An emollient that helps soften the skin and create a nice product texture
0.25% - 0.45%
A stable derivative of vitamin C. It is oil-soluble which means it is more likely to penetrate the skin compared to the pure form of vitamin C (which is water-soluble), but it is less bio-available and is way less effective in stimulating collagen and reducing wrinkles compared to the pure form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) and its other derivatives (for example, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). At the same time, this vitamin C derivative has been shown in studies to be effective in reducing acne, blemishes and clogged pores. It is less irritating then the pure form of vitamin C
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.35%
Helps to retain moisture by creating a protective barrier on the skin. Rich in fatty acids. Improves product texture and helps with the penetration of other ingredients.
0.15% - 0.3%
A vitamin C derivative. Studies show that is might be effective in reducing hyperpigmentation, but there are no studies confirming that it is effectively converted into the bioavailable form of Vitamin C in skin. It is not clear how this derivative compares in effectiveness to the topical application of bioavailable form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid)
0.15% - 0.3%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
0.15% - 0.25%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.25%

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