Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Anti-blemish
  • +2 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • niacinamide
  • retinyl palmitate
  • beta-sitosterol
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • cholesterol
  • decyl oleate
  • glycerin
  • glycine soja oil
  • mannitol
  • squalene
  • tocopherol
  • +8 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Formula review

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WIMJ summary

This product might be able to help reduce blemishes and clogged pores because it contains niacinamide.

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually works: retinyl palmitate

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains niacinamide.

These ingredients in the product can also be helpful, even though there is less evidence for their effectiveness: retinyl palmitate.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"4%) in the Optimum Retinol Range, this light textured serum is supercharged with additional Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) to help improve the appearance of skin and uneven skin tone."
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: niacinamide

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: retinyl palmitate.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: glycerin, mannitol.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: caprylic/capric triglyceride, squalene.

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: niacinamide

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (squalene) that might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin to lessen the damage it gets from the UV light (sun). There is not enough evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin though.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
6.9% - 8.4%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
5.1% - 6.2%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
3.2% - 3.9%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
2.4% - 2.9%
Helps stabilize emulsions and create a nice product texture
2% - 2.4%
Acts as a solvent for other ingredients. Speeds up the absorption of other ingredients into the skin
1.8% - 2.2%
Helps preserve products and creates a nice product texture
1.7% - 2%
Helps create a thicker or gel-like product texture. It is not a surfactant but can be used in gentle cleansing formulations
1.4% - 1.7%
Used as a fragrance. Rarely causes irritation
1.1% - 1.4%
Three steps removed from the active form of vitamin A - retinoic acid. To have an effect in the skin, it first needs to be converted twice to become the retinoic acid. This means it is less potent than retinol, but could also be less irritating. Once converted to the retinoic acid in the skin, it helps against all signs of aging, improves skin cell turnover and helps fight blemishes and clogged pores. However, in many cosmetic formulations, it is used in a concentration that is too low to have the full effect
0.95% - 1.15%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
An aromatic blend of unspecified and possibly irritating ingredients
0.65% - 1%
Helps stabilize product formulations
0.65% - 0.95%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.6% - 0.9%
Maintains the texture of skincare products. Allows the product to spread evenly. Helps oil and water mix together
0.6% - 0.9%
Helps to attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.55% - 0.8%
A good emollient that helps soften the skin and helps repair its barrier function
0.5% - 0.75%
Used to enhance the delivery of other ingredients
0.5% - 0.75%
An emollient that is naturally found in skin
0.5% - 0.75%
0.4% - 0.6%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.4% - 0.6%
A phytosterol that can support skin's barrier function and help the skin stay hydrated
0.4% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.5%
A plant extract that is rich in a fragrance compound eugenol that is a frequent allergen and can be irritating. It might also contain anti-oxidants to help neutralize free radicals
0.25% - 0.5%
0.25% - 0.45%
An oil that is naturally part of skin sebum that helps to soften its upper layer, reduce water loss and neutralize free radicals. It might be comedogenic. Avoid applying large concentrations (or pure oil) before sun exposure as oxidized squalene can clog pores and lead to skin irritation. Today squalene is mostly derived from vegetable oils or synthetized by yeast
0.25% - 0.45%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.15% - 0.3%
Used to thicken the product formulation and might help to add minerals to the surface of the skin. It is used in scrubs as a physical exfoliant. Can increase sensitivity to other ingredients if left on the skin or used in high concentration
0.15% - 0.3%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.1% - 0.2%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.15% - 0.25%

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