Can it work? Irritants Ingredient concentrations Sources Similar products Q&A Where to buy
WORKS FOR
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Moisturizing
  • Anti-blemish
  • Evens skin tone
  • +1 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • niacinamide
  • sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • glycerin
  • hydrogenated vegetable oil
  • lycium barbarum fruit extract
  • olea europaea fruit oil
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • theobroma cacao seed butter
  • +5 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
41 /100
IRRITANCY
MEDIUM
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Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Ideal for oily and acne prone skin."
WIMJ summary

This product contains ingredients (sodium ascorbyl phosphate) that could help reduce blemishes and clogged pores in theory, but there is not enough evidence that they actually work.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"This powerful and effective serum will help to improve skin tone, reduce pigmentation, naturally lighten dark spots and restore skin to a healthier state."
WIMJ summary

Effective ingredients missing or their concentration is too low

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
does not meet threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Lemon Essential Oil is a rejuvenating essential oil extracted from lemon peel."
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: glycerin, sodium hyaluronate.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: theobroma cacao seed butter, hydrogenated vegetable oil.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (lycium barbarum fruit extract, sodium ascorbyl phosphate) that might be able to help neutralize free radicals in skin to lessen the damage it gets from the UV light (sun). There is not enough evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin though.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
MEDIUM
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
LOW
meets threshold

Potential irritants

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
Plain old water
45% - 55%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The extract can contain humectants that help attract water into the skin
9% - 11%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
5.1% - 6.2%
A plant extract that might help neutralize free radicals in skin, but research on its efficacy in skin is lacking
3.3% - 4.1%
2.5% - 3%
2% - 2.4%
A plant extract that can help neutralize free radicals in skin and attract water to its upper layer
1.8% - 2.2%
A plant extract that might help neutralize free radicals in skin
1.6% - 1.9%
1.4% - 1.7%
An emollient that helps soften the skin but is not effective for restoring its barrier function. Might be helpful to calm down inflammation
1.1% - 1.4%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.75% - 1.15%
A plant extract that might help neutralize free radicals in skin
0.6% - 0.9%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Creates an illusion of smoother and more radiant skin tone. Adds shimmer to the skin by reflecting light
0.65% - 1%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
0.55% - 0.8%
A plant oil with a high content of volatile compounds that can irritate the skin and lead to allergic reactions. Can lead to photosensitivity
0.45% - 0.7%
A plant oil with high content of volatile compounds that, especially when exposed to air, can cause allergic reactions and irritate the skin
0.45% - 0.7%
An oil from a mixture of different vegetables. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.5% - 0.75%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.35% - 0.6%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin and can be helpful in restoring the skin barrier function. Might have some anti-oxidant effect
0.3% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.45%
A stable derivative of vitamin C. It is oil-soluble which means it is more likely to penetrate the skin compared to the pure form of vitamin C (which is water-soluble), but it is less bio-available and is way less effective in stimulating collagen and reducing wrinkles compared to the pure form of vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) and its other derivatives (for example, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). At the same time, this vitamin C derivative has been shown in studies to be effective in reducing acne, blemishes and clogged pores. It is less irritating then the pure form of vitamin C
0.25% - 0.45%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.3%
Helps create a gel-like product texture. Can be used in gentle cleansing formulations
0.15% - 0.25%

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