Dr Dennis Gross - The Doctor's Must Have Minis

Dr Dennis Gross The Doctor's Must Have Minis

WORKS FOR
  • Anti-aging
  • Anti-oxidation
  • Exfoliation
  • Moisturizing
  • Evens skin tone
  • Anti-blemish
  • +3 more
KEY INGREDIENTS
  • glycolic acid
  • salicylic acid
  • lactic acid
  • ascorbic acid
  • retinyl palmitate
  • retinol
  • 3-o-ethyl ascorbic acid
  • niacinamide
  • lactic acid
  • ascorbic acid
  • tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate
  • glycolic acid
  • niacinamide
  • adenosine
  • dipeptide-2
  • ascorbic acid
  • lactic acid
  • lactic acid
  • glycolic acid
  • adenosine
  • ceramide ng
  • palmitoyl hexapeptide-12
  • palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7
  • palmitoyl tripeptide-1
  • aminobutyric acid
  • arginine
  • beta-sitosterol
  • bisabolol
  • c12-15 alkyl benzoate
  • c13-16 isoparaffin
  • camellia sinensis leaf extract
  • caprylic/capric triglyceride
  • carnitine hcl
  • cetearyl alcohol
  • chrysin
  • cocos nucifera fruit extract
  • collagen
  • collagen amino acids
  • copper pca
  • dimethicone
  • emblica officinalis fruit extract
  • ethylhexyl palmitate
  • glycerin
  • glycine
  • heptyl undecylenate
  • hexylresorcinol
  • hydrolyzed soy protein
  • isododecane
  • lycium barbarum fruit extract
  • mandelic acid
  • phospholipids
  • phyllanthus emblica fruit extract
  • porphyridium cruentum extract
  • pullulan
  • resveratrol
  • saccharide isomerate
  • saccharum officinarum extract
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • sodium pca
  • squalane
  • stearyl dimethicone
  • superoxide dismutase
  • titanium dioxide
  • tocopherol
  • ubiquinone
  • vitis vinifera fruit extract
  • zinc pca
  • +64 more
PROMISES
FULFILLED
100 /100
IRRITANCY
HIGH
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Formula review

See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"The ultimate cleanse, the Alpha Beta Pore Perfecting Cleansing Gel (60ml) gently removes excess oil, make up and surface impurities while also exfoliating away dull dead cells to diminish dryness and smooth out the appearance of pores and fine lines."
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce breakouts and clogged pores because it contains the following ingredient: retinol, salicylic acid. These ingredients is used for treating acne and can have a noticeable effect.

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually works: glycolic acid, mandelic acid, zinc pca

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
MEDIUM
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"The weightless C+ Collagen Brighten + Firm Serum (9ml) is packed with collagen, amino acids, vitamin C and a unique energy complex to boost cells and accelerate repair, improving imperfections like dullness, dark spots, uneven texture and expression lines."
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce and prevent fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity and firmness because it contains retinol, glycolic acid, palmitoyl hexapeptide-12.

These ingredients in the product can also be helpful, even though there is less evidence for their effectiveness: adenosine, dipeptide-2, palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7, palmitoyl tripeptide-1, resveratrol.

Keep in mind that it typically takes at least 6 weeks to notice any results because the changes that are needed to improve fine lines and elasticity happen in the deeper layers of the skin. No topical anti-aging product can “erase” wrinkles or fully reverse signs of aging.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"The weightless C+ Collagen Brighten + Firm Serum (9ml) is packed with collagen, amino acids, vitamin C and a unique energy complex to boost cells and accelerate repair, improving imperfections like dullness, dark spots, uneven texture and expression lines."
WIMJ summary

This product can help reduce hypepigmentation and even out the skin tone because it contains the following effective ingredients: retinol.

In addition, this product contains glycolic acid, mandelic acid, salicylic acid. This ingredient (ingredients) might help reduce hyperpigmentation, but the effect, if any, is likely to be small.

The following ingredient (ingredients) in this product might be helpful, but there is no evidence to confirm that it actually can help even out the skin tone: chrysin, emblica officinalis fruit extract, glycyrrhiza glabra root extract, hexylresorcinol, resveratrol.

Keep in mind that you would need to apply any topical skincare targetted at hypigmentation consistently for a couple of months to get a result. No topical skincare product can help get rid of hyperpigmentation (including post-acne marks and age spots) instantly.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"With five portions of the Alpha Beta Universal Peel (5 treatments) that fuses five alpha and beta hydroxy acids, prepare to refine your skin with these illuminating and smoothing pads."
WIMJ summary

This product can help exfoliate the skin. In other words, it helps break down the bonds between dead cells on the surface of the skin and speed up the skin turnover. Skin often appears softer and brighter after exfoliation, but overdoing it can result in disrupted skin barrier. The following ingredient is doing the exfoliating job in this product: glycolic acid, mandelic acid, retinol, salicylic acid.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
Promise
What does the product description say?
"Powered by amino acids, marine algae and hyaluronic acid, the Hyaluronic Marine Moisture Cushion (15ml) locks in moisture and keep skin looking dewy, supple and plump all-day long."
WIMJ summary

This product can help improve hydration of the skin with the two types of ingredients.

The first type is called “humectants”:
these ingredients help attract water. When humectants are on the surface of the skin, they “pull in” the moisture from the outside environment, or from within deeper layers of the skin. The following ingredients in this product do the job: aminobutyric acid, arginine.

This product also contains ingredients called “occlusives”. They help reduce the speed with which our skin loses moisture to the outside environment. These ingredients also help soften the upper layer of the skin, so it feels less tight and nicer to the touch. The following ingredients in this product do the job: arginine, dimethicone.

The following ingredients in this product are especially good for supporting the skin barrier and helping with the hydration level: ceramide ng, dipeptide-2, palmitoyl hexapeptide-12, palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7, palmitoyl tripeptide-1

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
See a mistake?
WIMJ summary

This product contains antioxidants (resveratrol, retinol, superoxide dismutase, ubiquinone) that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. By doing so, they can lessen the damage the skin gets from the UV light (sun).

The following ingredients - camellia sinensis leaf extract, chrysin, emblica officinalis fruit extract, hexylresorcinol also can have an antioxidant effect, but there is less evidence to confirm their effectiveness in skin.

Ingredient Effectiveness Concentration Irritancy
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold
HIGH
meets threshold

Potential irritants

IRRITANCY
HIGH

Ingredients by volume

Ingredient Estimated concentration
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Plain old water
40% - 60%
Produces temporary toning effect. Can help dissolve other ingredients or preserve products
8.1% - 12.2%
Can be drying and contribute to skin irritation. Used in formulars to dissolve other ingredients, create a thinner product consistency or for its antibacterial properties
4.1% - 6.1%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to remove the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin reveling a more even, smoother complexation. It is also able to stimulate collagen production with long-term use. Could help to reduce pore congestion. It can be irritating to the skin. Apply sunscreen daily if using products with glycolic acid
2.6% - 3.9%
Used to adjust the pH level of products
1.9% - 2.9%
A plant extract that can help calm down inflammation in skin. Can, however, itself be irritating
1.6% - 2.3%
Used for skin exfoliation. It has an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effect, helps to unclog pores, prevent blemishes and speed up healing of the existing ones. Sometimes referred to as a BHA (beta-hydroxy acid)
1.1% - 1.6%
Helps oil and water mix together
1.3% - 1.9%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
1.1% - 1.6%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.9% - 1.35%
Helps adjust the product pH
0.55% - 1.3%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.5% - 1.2%
Plant extract that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. Can be used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.5% - 1.15%
A plant extract that one one hand, can contain compounds that can help calm down skin irritation, but, on the other hand, its other compounds (especially fragrant ones) can themselves be irritating
0.4% - 0.9%
0.4% - 0.9%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.4% - 0.9%
A compound that combines zinc with a hydrating ingredient PCA. Might to be helpful against acne and clogged pores. Can help calm down inflammation in skin. Could be helpful in reducing the formation of free radicals in skin. Might help to reduce fine lines in wrinkles, but solid evidence is missing
0.4% - 0.95%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.4% - 0.9%
Stabilizes the product formulation
0.35% - 0.8%
Can be drying and contribute to skin irritation. Used in formulars to dissolve other ingredients, create a thinner product consistency or for its antibacterial properties
0.35% - 0.75%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.35% - 0.8%
An aromatic blend of unspecified and possibly irritating ingredients
0.2% - 0.8%
A fragrance. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.75%
A fragrance. Is a likely irritant
0.2% - 0.75%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.3% - 0.75%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Plain old water
0.3% - 0.7%
Helps regulate the product pH
0.35% - 0.85%
The most well-researched antioxidant that works in skin. Helps neutralize free radicals supporting collagen production, helping to even out the skin tone and preventing early signs of aging
0.2% - 0.8%
Being a lipid soluble form of vitamin C, it is more stable and can penetrate the skin better than L-Ascorbic acid. It is effective in protecting the skin from free radicals, as well as evening the skin tone, but is less effective in stimulating collagen production compared to L-Ascorbic acid.
0.3% - 0.75%
Three steps removed from the active form of vitamin A - retinoic acid. To have an effect in the skin, it first needs to be converted twice to become the retinoic acid. This means it is less potent than retinol, but could also be less irritating. Once converted to the retinoic acid in the skin, it helps against all signs of aging, improves skin cell turnover and helps fight blemishes and clogged pores. However, in many cosmetic formulations, it is used in a concentration that is too low to have the full effect
0.2% - 0.75%
Two steps removed from the active form of vitamin A - retinoic acid. Once converted to the retinoic acid in the skin, retinol is proven to be effective against all signs of aging. It improves skin cell turnover, helps fight blemishes and clogged pores, can regulate excess oil production and even skin tone. It can, however, be quite irritating
0.2% - 0.75%
A more stable but less bio-available form of vitamin E compared to Tocopherol. Might help moisturize and protect the skin from free radicals, but mostly used in low concentrations to stabilize other ingredients.
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps neutralize free radicals in skin and might help reduce fine lines and wrinkles, as well as even out the skin tone
0.3% - 0.7%
Coenzyme Q10. It helps neutralize free radicals in skin, improves skin hydration and might be helpful agains fine lines and wrinkles. It can be an allergen
0.3% - 0.7%
Plant extract that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. Can be used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.35% - 0.85%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.35% - 0.8%
A preservative that comes from radishes fermented by a bacteria. New research suggests that the preservation properties in the ingredient come from an ammonium salt that is not present naturally in radish root but used in its cultivation. Is problematic because the exact amount of the preservative agents is difficult to determine
0.3% - 0.7%
0.2% - 0.75%
Emollients that are naturaly present in skin. In addition, they help water and oil mix together in the product
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
Naturally present in skin and helps to attract water to its upper layer
0.2% - 0.8%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
0.2% - 0.8%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.35% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
0.3% - 0.75%
Can be drying and contribute to skin irritation. Used in formulars to dissolve other ingredients, create a thinner product consistency or for its antibacterial properties
0.3% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps to stabilize the product formulation
0.2% - 0.8%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.3% - 0.7%
Cannot penetrate the skin barrier so is not particularly useful in skincare products
0.2% - 0.8%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Plain old water
0.3% - 0.7%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.35% - 0.75%
A vitamin C derivative that is more stable but less potent than pure form of vitamin C. Can help neutralize free radicals and help reduce hyperpigmentation, but the required concentration is likely to be much higher than for the pure form of vitamin C, limiting the ingredient's effectiveness in products
0.2% - 0.8%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
0.3% - 0.7%
0.35% - 0.75%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.2% - 0.75%
Can be drying and contribute to skin irritation. Used in formulars to dissolve other ingredients, create a thinner product consistency or for its antibacterial properties
0.3% - 0.7%
Used to thicken product formulations and create gel-like textures
0.3% - 0.75%
Used to dissolve other ingredients in a product and can enhance their ability to penetrate the skin
0.3% - 0.7%
The most well-researched antioxidant that works in skin. Helps neutralize free radicals supporting collagen production, helping to even out the skin tone and preventing early signs of aging
0.2% - 0.8%
Help attract water to the upper layer of the skin, soften it and support the skin barrier function
0.2% - 0.8%
An antioxidant enzyme that is naturally present in skin. It can help support skin barrier function and reduce inflammation in skin. It is used in topical medications for inflammatory skin conditions including atopic dermatitis (eczema) and psoriasis. There are three types of natural Superoxide Dismutase in human skin. The compound used in topical treatments and cosmetics are mimics of typically one of these natural variants
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps to attract water to the upper layer of the skin and can help restore the skin barrier function
0.2% - 0.75%
Might be helpful in decreasing sebum production making the skin less oily. Is claimed to be able to support ceramide production in skin that leads to better hydration, but evidence is lacking. Is able to attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
Coenzyme Q10. It helps neutralize free radicals in skin, improves skin hydration and might be helpful agains fine lines and wrinkles. It can be an allergen
0.3% - 0.7%
Might be helpful in reducing hyperpigmentation and neutralizing free radicals in skin
0.3% - 0.7%
A plant extract that might be helping in neutralizing free radicals in skin. It could help reduce hyperpigmentation. There is some research to confirm its effectiveness in skin
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Might have some anti-aging, anti-oxidant, and skin lightening properties, but solid evidence is missing
0.2% - 0.8%
Being a lipid soluble form of vitamin C. It is more stable than ascorbic acid, but still degrades quickly and needs to be stabilized in a formulation with another ingredient. It is claimed to penetrate skin better than pure vitamin C and have the the similar benefits, but solid studies of its effectiveness are lacking. Is likely to require a higher concentration in a product than pure vitamin C to be effective.
0.3% - 0.7%
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps shed the upper layer of dead cells from the surface of the skin revealing smoother, brighter skin. It can help to reduce hyperpigmentation. It has anti-bacterial properties, and might help to reduce blemishes, as well as fine lines and wrinkles. It is considered to be gentler than glycolic acid
0.3% - 0.7%
0.2% - 0.8%
A plant extract that can contain an active compound curcumin, that may have some anti-inflammatory properties when applied to the skin, but solid research is lacking and the typical concentration used in skincare products is too low. Can be an irritant
0.2% - 0.75%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), but is mostly used to stabilize product formulations in cosmetics
0.3% - 0.7%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps to stabilize the product formulation
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps to control the skin's pH level. Maintains the skin's natural film of amino-lactic acids and oils. Helps to preserve products
0.2% - 0.8%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.3% - 0.7%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
Used to dissolve other ingredients and to improve smell of products. It could be irritating
0.2% - 0.75%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.3% - 0.7%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
0.3% - 0.7%
A preservative. Can be used to mask unpleasant smell. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.75%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.3% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
0.3% - 0.7%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Plain old water
0.3% - 0.7%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.35% - 0.75%
Works as a cleansing agent
0.45% - 1%
Acts as a solvent for other ingredients. Speeds up the absorption of other ingredients into the skin
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together and works as a cleansing agent. Creates foam
0.5% - 1.1%
Used as a cleansing agent. Helps water and oil mix together
0.55% - 1.35%
0.3% - 0.7%
0.3% - 0.7%
Used to thicken the product formulation and might help to add minerals to the surface of the skin. It is used in scrubs as a physical exfoliant. Can increase sensitivity to other ingredients if left on the skin or used in high concentration
0.2% - 0.75%
Used to improve stability of the formulation
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps shed the upper layer of dead cells from the surface of the skin revealing smoother, brighter skin. It can help to reduce hyperpigmentation. It has anti-bacterial properties, and might help to reduce blemishes, as well as fine lines and wrinkles. It is considered to be gentler than glycolic acid
0.3% - 0.7%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to remove the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin reveling a more even, smoother complexation. It is also able to stimulate collagen production with long-term use. Could help to reduce pore congestion. It can be irritating to the skin. Apply sunscreen daily if using products with glycolic acid
0.3% - 0.7%
A plant extract that can help neutralize free radicals in skin. It contains a compound salicin that can theoretically be converted into salicylic acid that, in turn, helps reduce inflammation in skin, but the evidence of effectiveness in skin is lacking and the extract is usually not used in a concentration that would enable an exfoliating effect
0.2% - 0.8%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), but is mostly used to stabilize product formulations in cosmetics
0.3% - 0.7%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.2% - 0.8%
Added to create a nice product smell. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.75%
0.2% - 0.7%
Naturally present in skin and helps to attract water to its upper layer
0.2% - 0.8%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
A mushroom extract that might help attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The extract can contain humectants that help attract water into the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
An active component of chamomile plant that historically has been used to calm down irritated skin. A recent study shows that bisabolol indeed can have some anti-inflammatory effect on skin, even though conclusive data is lacking. Bisabolol has a sweet floral scent and can be added to products for its aromatic properties
0.2% - 0.7%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Might have some anti-aging, anti-oxidant, and skin lightening properties, but solid evidence is missing
0.2% - 0.8%
Can contain potent anti-oxidant compounds (abbreviated ECG, GCG, EGC, and EGCG) that might help protect the skin from free radicals. Can help calm down inflammation and has some anti-bacterial properties. Unfortunately, these antioxidants are unstable and lose their effectiveness very quickly in products. The concentration of the antioxidant compounds in the extract also tends to be low to be effective in topical formulation
0.35% - 0.8%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.35% - 0.8%
Used to dissolve other ingredients in a product and can enhance their ability to penetrate the skin
0.3% - 0.7%
Can be drying and contribute to skin irritation. Used in formulars to dissolve other ingredients, create a thinner product consistency or for its antibacterial properties
0.3% - 0.7%
Used to stabilize product formulations
0.3% - 0.7%
Used as a fragrance
0.15% - 0.65%
A plant extract that helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. It might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals in skin, but is less potent than the extract from the seeds
0.2% - 0.75%
Used as a fragrance
0.2% - 0.75%
A plant extract that is used as a fragrance. Can be irritating
0.35% - 0.75%
0.3% - 0.75%
0.3% - 0.75%
Used to adjust the product's pH
0.3% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.3% - 0.7%
0.3% - 0.75%
Plain old water
0.3% - 0.7%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Naturally present in skin. It attracts water to the upper layer of the skin working as a humectant
0.35% - 0.75%
Enhances the product texture and makes it more spreadable. Helps reduce water loss from the outer layer of skin. Extands the shelf life by preventing bacteria growth
0.3% - 0.75%
Used to preserve products, dissolve other ingredients and create a nice product texture
0.35% - 0.8%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.35% - 0.8%
Is proven to be effective in reducing blemishes, evening out skin tone and helping to improve lines and wrinkles. It helps the skin to repair sun damage, calm down inflammation and keep maintain good levels of moisture
0.3% - 0.7%
Has been shown to support wound healing and skin barrier function when used topically in rats. Is likely to be effective in supporting skin's hydration and barrier function, but research for human skin is missing. Might have some anti-aging properties but the research is missing
0.2% - 0.8%
An emollient that softens the skin and forms a protective layer on its surface. Helps water and oil mix together
0.35% - 0.8%
0.2% - 0.8%
A plant extract that can help neutralize free radicals in skin and attract water to its upper layer
0.2% - 0.8%
0.3% - 0.7%
A plant extract that can have some anti-oxidant effect in skin
0.3% - 0.7%
Might be somewhat helpful in reducing hyperpigmentation and neutralizing free radicals but its typical concentration in a product is too low for having an effect
0.2% - 0.8%
A plant extract that can help lighten the skin and calm down inflammation. Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals
0.2% - 0.75%
0.35% - 0.75%
0.3% - 0.75%
A mushroom extract that might have some skin-lightening and moisturizing properties, but solid research is lacking. It is unlikely to be effective in the concentration used in skincare products
0.2% - 0.8%
Might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals in skin
0.2% - 0.8%
Plant extract that might contain antioxidants, have antibacterial effect and help reduce inflammation, but solid evidence is lacking. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.8%
A plant extract that might be helpful in neutralizing free radicals and have a skin lightening effect if used in high enough concentrations
0.2% - 0.8%
A plant extract that can be irritating. It can have some anti-bacterial properties, but there are no evidence of a beneficial effect for skin
0.2% - 0.7%
An oil naturally present in skin. Works as an emollient to soften the skin and form a protective layer on its surface without a greasy feeling.
0.35% - 0.8%
Might have some moisturising properties. Is not effective when applied topically beyond some moisturizing effect
0.2% - 0.8%
Used mostly for creating emulsions - helping oil and water mix together. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.35% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.7%
Lecithin derivative. It helps oil and water mix together and can enhance penetration of other ingredients. It helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.75%
A phytosterol that can support skin's barrier function and help the skin stay hydrated
0.3% - 0.75%
An emollient that helps soften the skin and create a nice product texture
0.35% - 0.75%
Might help improve cell turnover and reduce inflammation in skin. One study shows that the ingredients might be able to stimulate collagen production in skin
0.2% - 0.8%
Might be helpful in reducing fine lines and wrinkles, as well as lightening the skin, but solid evidence is missing. Could somewhat help in reducing the darkness of the under-eye area. Helps to neutralise free radicals in skin
0.3% - 0.7%
Might help neutralize free radicals in skin. Is claimed to be able to improve the appearance of undereye darkness but evidence is missing. Can be an allergen and cause irritation
0.2% - 0.8%
Is claimed to be able to brighten skin tone by removing some blood-related pigmented compounds in skin (hemoglobin and related elements) but solid research is missing. Can be irritating
0.2% - 0.8%
A type of peptide. Peptides are excellent moisturizers and might be able support collagen production reducing fine lines and wrinkles
0.2% - 0.8%
A type of peptide. Peptides are excellent moisturizers and might be able support collagen production reducing fine lines and wrinkles
0.35% - 0.75%
A type of peptide. Peptides are excellent moisturizers and might be able support collagen production reducing fine lines and wrinkles
0.35% - 0.75%
A type of peptide. Peptides are excellent moisturizers and might be able support collagen production reducing fine lines and wrinkles
0.3% - 0.7%
An amino acid that is naturally present in skin and helps keep it hydrated. When used together with AHAs, it can reduce their irritating effect on the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Might have some anti-aging, anti-oxidant, and skin lightening properties, but solid evidence is missing
0.2% - 0.8%
A type of lipid similar to ceramides naturally present in skin. Helps to soften the upper layer of the skin and supports the skin barrier function to keep it hydrated. Can help to prevent inflammation in skin
0.3% - 0.75%
A red algae extract. Can help attract water to the upper layer of the skin and might have an antioxidant effect
0.2% - 0.8%
The most well-researched antioxidant that works in skin. Helps neutralize free radicals supporting collagen production, helping to even out the skin tone and preventing early signs of aging
0.2% - 0.8%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.3% - 0.7%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.2% - 0.8%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.2% - 0.75%
Used to create a thicker product consistency and soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.75%
Used to stabilize the product formulation and can help absorb oil
0.3% - 0.7%
Used to create a thicker product consistency and stabilize the formulation
0.3% - 0.75%
Creates a thin drying film on the skin resulting in a short-term tightening effect
0.3% - 0.75%
Used to improve stability of the formulation
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps to control the skin's pH level. Maintains the skin's natural film of amino-lactic acids and oils. Helps to preserve products
0.2% - 0.8%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), but is mostly used to stabilize product formulations in cosmetics
0.3% - 0.7%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
Maintains the texture of skincare products. Allows the product to spread evenly. Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
A gelling agent that thickens the product consistency and leaves the skin with a velvety finish
0.3% - 0.7%
Helps to create a nice product texture and spread the product more easily on the skin
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.45% - 1.05%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.3% - 0.7%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.6%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
Creates an illusion of smoother and more radiant skin tone. Adds shimmer to the skin by reflecting light
0.35% - 0.75%
0.3% - 0.7%
Works as a UV filter when used in high concentrations. It is photostable and is effective mostly against the UVB light, with some protection in the UVA range. In small concentrations, used for its ability to improve the color of cosmetic products. Is usually well tolerated by the skin
0.35% - 0.85%
The ingredient is not recognized
TBC
Plain old water
0.3% - 0.7%
A non-drying alcohol. Works as an emollient. Helps water and oil mix together and creates a nice product texture
0.35% - 0.8%
Is mostly used to dissolve other ingredients. Helps soften the upper layer of the skin. It might be comedogenic when used in high concentrations
0.35% - 0.75%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin
0.3% - 0.75%
A silicone that helps to reduce water loss from the surface of the skin. Can temporarily "fill in" lines and wrinkles, absorb oil, and create a nice product finish
0.35% - 0.8%
Used to create a nice product texture and help delivery of other ingredients. Might be somewhat helpful in attracting water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
A good mix of fatty acids that forms a protective layer on the skin. Improves the shelf life of products. Derived from coconut and glycerin
0.35% - 0.8%
Used to create a thicker product consistency and help soften the upper layer of the skin
0.35% - 0.8%
One of the best moisturizing ingredients. Attracts water into the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
0.3% - 0.75%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.8%
Traditionally used to treat sunburns, dermatitis and inflammation, but evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The extract can contain humectants that help attract water into the skin
0.35% - 0.8%
Pure form of vitamin E. Can help moisturise and protect the skin from free radicals. Often used to help stabilise other ingredients or the formula itself
0.3% - 0.7%
A plant extract that can contain an antioxidant compound
0.2% - 0.8%
An emollient. Found to be as effective as a moisturizer for dry skin as mineral oil. Could be comedogenic
0.3% - 0.75%
0.2% - 0.75%
0.2% - 0.75%
An exfoliating and moisturizing alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Typically causes less irritation than other AHAs, for example, glycolic acid. At high concentrations (about 15%), lactic acid can help reduce lines and wrinkles. Recent studies show that lactic acid can support the "good" bacteria living on skin's surface (healthy skin microbiom)
0.2% - 0.75%
An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to remove the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin reveling a more even, smoother complexation. It is also able to stimulate collagen production with long-term use. Could help to reduce pore congestion. It can be irritating to the skin. Apply sunscreen daily if using products with glycolic acid
0.3% - 0.7%
Sugar extract that helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
A preservative that comes from radishes fermented by a bacteria. New research suggests that the preservation properties in the ingredient come from an ammonium salt that is not present naturally in radish root but used in its cultivation. Is problematic because the exact amount of the preservative agents is difficult to determine
0.3% - 0.7%
A plant extract that is used as a fragrance. Can be irritating and lead to photosensitivity
0.2% - 0.8%
Used as a fragrance. Can be irritating and cause photosensitivity
0.2% - 0.8%
A plant extract that contains small percentage of AHAs. Is unlikely to have any skin benefit due the small concentration of the active compounds
0.2% - 0.75%
Help attract water to the upper layer of the skin, soften it and support the skin barrier function
0.2% - 0.8%
Might help improve cell turnover and reduce inflammation in skin. One study shows that the ingredients might be able to stimulate collagen production in skin
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin. Might have some anti-aging, anti-oxidant, and skin lightening properties, but solid evidence is missing
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps attract water to the upper layer of the skin
0.2% - 0.75%
Improves the texture of the product and helps soften the skin. Helps oil and water mix together and can be used as a cleansing agent
0.45% - 1.05%
Helps soften the upper layer of the skin, reduce water loss from the skin surface over time and create a nice product finish
0.3% - 0.75%
A preservative
0.3% - 0.7%
0.2% - 0.8%
An emollient that helps soften the skin and can decrease moisture loss. Helps create a nice product texture
0.2% - 0.8%
0.3% - 0.7%
Used to create a thicker product consistency
0.2% - 0.75%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.3% - 0.7%
Helps oil and water mix together
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps oil and water mix together. Has some emollient properties
0.4% - 0.9%
Helps water and oil mix together
0.2% - 0.8%
Helps to control the skin's pH level. Maintains the skin's natural film of amino-lactic acids and oils. Helps to preserve products
0.15% - 0.7%
Can work as an exfoliant but is typically used to adjust the product pH
0.15% - 0.7%
A preservative. Can be used to mask unpleasant smell. Can be irritating
0.15% - 0.6%
A preservative. It helps prevent bacterial growth in cosmetic products
0.15% - 0.65%
A preservative
0.25% - 0.5%
A preservative
0.15% - 0.6%

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